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Responsive parenting: establishing early foundations for social, communication, and independent problem-solving skills.
TLDR
Increased maternal responsiveness facilitated greater growth in target infants' social, emotional, communication, and cognitive competence, supporting a causal role for responsiveness on infant development.
Does early responsive parenting have a special importance for children's development or is consistency across early childhood necessary?
TLDR
Children, especially preterm children, showed faster cognitive growth when mothers were consistently responsive, and the importance of consistent responsiveness, defined by an affective-emotional construct, was evident even when a broader constellation of parenting behaviors was considered.
Joint attention and language in autism and developmental language delay
TLDR
DLD children's performance suggests no special impairment of joint attention skills, whereas autistic children'sperformance suggests a joint attention deficit in addition to a language deficit.
Effectiveness of Comprehensive Professional Development for Teachers of At-Risk Preschoolers
This study compared effectiveness of "business as usual" to that of 4 professional development (PD) programs that targeted teachers of at-risk preschool children. A 2 X 2 design was used to cross
Neuroimaging, Physical, and Developmental Findings After Inflicted and Noninflicted Traumatic Brain Injury in Young Children
TLDR
Characteristic features of inflicted TBI included acute computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging findings of preexisting brain injury, extraaxial hemorrhage, seizures, retinal hemorrhages, and significantly impaired cognitive function without prolonged impairment of consciousness.
Predicting cognitive-language and social growth curves from early maternal behaviors in children at varying degrees of biological risk.
TLDR
Growth modeling was used to examine the relation of early parenting behaviors with rates of change in children's cognitive-language and social response and initiating skills assessed at 6, 12, 24, and 40 months, with relations stronger for the HR versus the other two groups.
A responsive parenting intervention: the optimal timing across early childhood for impacting maternal behaviors and child outcomes.
TLDR
Examination of optimal timing (infancy, toddler-preschool, or both) for facilitating responsive parenting and the intervention effects on maternal behaviors and child social and communication skills for children who vary in biological risk found thatBehaviors that required responsiveness to the child's changing signals required the intervention across both the early and later periods.
Early maternal and child influences on children's later independent cognitive and social functioning.
TLDR
As predicted, mothers' maintaining of children's interests indirectly supported 4 1/2-year cognitive and social independence through a direct, positive influence on 2- and 3 2-year skills, but directiveness needs to decrease in relation to children's increasing competencies.
The Role of Early Parenting in Children's Development of Executive Processes
TLDR
Results showed that mothers' early verbal scaffolding at 3 years indirectly influenced both types of executive processing skills at 6 years by directly influencing children's language and nonverbal problem-solving skills at 4 years of age.
Technologies for Expanding the Reach of Evidence-Based Interventions: Preliminary Results for Promoting Social-Emotional Development in Early Childhood
TLDR
Results of a randomized control trial of the Infant Net intervention with 40 parent-infant dyads showed significant increase, reflecting a medium to large effect size, in infant social engagement and engagement with the environment for infants in the intervention group as compared to the control group.
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