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Using trained dogs and organic semi-conducting sensors to identify asymptomatic and mild SARS-CoV-2 infections: an observational study
People infected with SARS-CoV-2, with asymptomatic or mild symptoms, have a distinct odour that can be identified by sensors and trained dogs with a high degree of accuracy, and Odour-based diagnostics using sensors and/or dogs may prove a rapid and effective tool for screening large numbers of people.
Many beans with bc-3 resistance to BCMNV are susceptible to BCMV
‘From Sanctuary to Welcoming Cities’: Negotiating the Social Inclusion of Undocumented Migrants in Liège, Belgium
Cities have become important sites of sanctuary for migrants with a precarious legal status. While many national governments in Europe have adopted restrictive immigration policies, urban governments…
Host status of wild roe deer in bovine tuberculosis endemic areas
- S. Lambert, J. Hars, C. Richomme
- Environmental ScienceEuropean Journal of Wildlife Research
- 1 February 2017
Re deer does not appear to be a true reservoir of bTB, however, once infected, it develops lesions reflecting a clear ability for bacterial excretion and therefore transmission to other species, most likely by indirect contact and could be a spillover host included in a multi-host component reservoir in endemic areas.
High Shedding Potential and Significant Individual Heterogeneity in Naturally-Infected Alpine ibex (Capra ibex) With Brucella melitensis
Significant heterogeneity between sex-and-age classes is observed: seropositive females were most at risk to excrete Brucella before the age of 5 years, possibly corresponding to abortion during the first pregnancy following infection such as reported in the domestic ruminants.
Hybridized Zoonotic Schistosoma Infections Result in Hybridized Morbidity Profiles: A Clinical Morbidity Study amongst Co-Infected Human Populations of Senegal
Examination of human populations in Senegal found increased hepatic but decreased urogenital morbidity, and reduced improvement following treatment with praziquantel, in those infected with zoonotic hybrids compared to non-hybrids, demonstrating the potential impact of parasite hybridizations on host morbidity.
Demographic stochasticity drives epidemiological patterns in wildlife with implications for diseases and population management
- S. Lambert, P. Ezanno, M. Garel, E. Gilot‐Fromont
- Environmental ScienceScientific Reports
- 23 October 2018
It is suggested that, while surveillance and maintenance of population levels at intermediate densities to avoid large epidemics are useful at any time, a ‘do nothing’ approach during epidemics could be the ‘least bad’ management strategy in populations of ungulates species facing pestivirus infection.
Self-clearance of Pestivirus in a Pyrenean Chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica) Population
- E. Gilot‐Fromont, M. Garel, Kévin Foulché
- Environmental ScienceJournal of Wildlife Diseases
- 17 November 2017
It is shown that virus transmission declined in 2011–12 and likely ceased in 2013, leading to a decline in antibody prevalence since 2014, which suggests that pestivirus dynamics occurs at the scale of the metapopulation of Pyrenean chamois, suggesting a return to a colonizing population structure.
An individual-based model to assess the spatial and individual heterogeneity of Brucella melitensis transmission in Alpine ibex