• Publications
  • Influence
Institutional Ecology, `Translations' and Boundary Objects: Amateurs and Professionals in Berkeley's Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, 1907-39
Scientific work is heterogeneous, requiring many different actors and viewpoints. It also requires cooperation. The two create tension between divergent viewpoints and the need for generalizableExpand
Steps Toward an Ecology of Infrastructure: Design and Access for Large Information Spaces
A large-scale custom software effort, the Worm Community System (WCS), a collaborative system designed for a geographically dispersed community of geneticists, is analyzed, using Bateson's model of levels of learning to analyze the levels of infrastructural complexity involved in system access and designer-user communication. Expand
The Ethnography of Infrastructure
This article asks methodological questions about studying infrastructure with some of the tools and perspectives of ethnography. Infrastructure is both relational and ecological—it means differentExpand
This is Not a Boundary Object: Reflections on the Origin of a Concept
There are three components to boundary objects as outlined in the original 1989 article. Interpretive flexibility, the structure of informatic and work process needs and arrangements, and, finally,Expand
Sorting Things Out: Classification and Its Consequences
What do a seventeenth-century mortality table (whose causes of death include "fainted in a bath," "frighted," and "itch"); the identification of South Africans during apartheid as European, Asian,Expand
The Structure of Ill-Structured Solutions: Boundary Objects and Heterogeneous Distributed Problem Solving
  • S. L. Star
  • Mathematics, Computer Science
  • Distributed Artificial Intelligence
  • 1 December 1989
The paper argues that the development of distributed artificial intelligence should be based on a social metaphor, rather than a psychological one. The Turing Test should be replaced by the “DurkheimExpand
Changing Order: Replication and Induction in Scientific Practice
H M Collins is co-author of the widely acclaimed "Frames of Meaning "and Director of the Science Studies Centre at Bath University. He continues his work in the sociology of science with this book, aExpand
Power, Technology and the Phenomenology of Conventions: On being Allergic to Onions
On the one hand, recent studies in sociology of science and technology have been concerned to address the issue of heterogeneity: how different elements, and different perspectives, are joined in theExpand
Layers of Silence, Arenas of Voice: The Ecology of Visible and Invisible Work
  • S. L. Star, A. Strauss
  • Sociology, Computer Science
  • Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW)
  • 1 February 1999
This article provides a framework for analyzing invisible work in CSCW systems and sample across a variety of kinds of work to enrich the understanding of how invisibility and visibility operate. Expand