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Development of temporal patterning and vocal hesitations in spontaneous narratives
Narratives were told aloud by 12 boys and 12 girls at each of seven age levels in response to nine cartoon pictures. Speech rate increased with age, due to corresponding decreases in both legnth andExpand
Turn-taking: A critical analysis of the research tradition
In the following we present a radical critique of the assumptions, concepts, methods, statistics and interpretation of data, and theories that have characterized the recent research traditionExpand
Uh and Um Revisited: Are They Interjections for Signaling Delay?
Clark and Fox Tree (2002) have presented empirical evidence, based primarily on the London–Lund corpus (LL; Svartvik & Quirk, 1980), that the fillers uh and um are conventional English words thatExpand
The Use of Time in Storytelling
A total of 18 experimental corpora of spontaneous speech in five languages (English, Finnish, French, German, and Spanish) were examined under the hypothesis that they are characterized byExpand
The Trouble with "Articulatory" Pauses
The historical provenance of a minimum cut-off point (of about 0.25 sec) for pauses in temporal analyses of speech production is associated with Goldman-Eisler's usage. Her rationale was theExpand
Temporal Aspects of Reading Aloud and Speaking: Three Experiments
Three different experiments on the effects of linguistic development or proficiency on temporal aspects of reading aloud and speaking assessed the frequency, length, and location of unfilled pauses,Expand
Dialogicality in TV news interviews
Eight TV news interviews, six American, one British, and one German, were analyzed for markers of orality/literacy (back channeling, hesitations, interruptions, contractions and elisions,Expand
The History of Research on the Filled Pause as Evidence of The Written Language Bias in Linguistics (Linell, 1982)
Erard's (2004) publication in the New York Times of a journalistic history of the filled pause serves as the occasion for this critical review of the past half-century of research on the filledExpand
Transcription and the Issue of Standardization
For millenia, the human family has relied on transcription of spoken discourse into permanent written records as an indispensable tool of culture, history, and science. Expand