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Solitons in conducting polymers
Self-localized nonlinear excitations (solitons, polarons, and bipolarons) are fundamental and inherent features of quasi-one-dimensional conducting polymers. Their signatures are evident in many
Importance of phase fluctuations in superconductors with small superfluid density
THE superconducting state of a metal is characterized by a complex order parameter with an amplitude and a phase. In the BCS-Eliashberg mean-field theory1, which is a very good approximation for
From quantum matter to high-temperature superconductivity in copper oxides
The discovery of high-temperature superconductivity in the copper oxides in 1986 triggered a huge amount of innovative scientific inquiry but unresolved issues include the astonishing complexity of the phase diagram, the unprecedented prominence of various forms of collective fluctuations, and the simplicity and insensitivity to material details of the ‘normal’ state at elevated temperatures.
From a Single-Band Metal to a High-Temperature Superconductor via Two Thermal Phase Transitions
Upon further cooling, spectroscopic signatures of superconductivity begin to grow close to the superconducting transition temperature (Tc), entangled in an energy-momentum–dependent manner with the preexisting pseudogap features, ushering in a ground state with coexisting orders.
TOPICAL REVIEW: The frustration-based approach of supercooled liquids and the glass transition: a review and critical assessment
One of the most spectacular phenomena in physics in terms of dynamical range is the glass transition and the associated slowing down of flow and relaxation with decreasing temperature. That it occurs
How to detect fluctuating stripes in the high-temperature superconductors
We discuss fluctuating order in a quantum disordered phase proximate to a quantum critical point, with particular emphasis on fluctuating stripe order. Optimal strategies for extracting information
Hydrodynamic description of transport in strongly correlated electron systems.
A hydrodynamic description of the resistivity and magnetoresistance of an electron liquid in a smooth disorder potential that is valid when the electron-electron scattering length is sufficiently short is developed.
Three-dimensional charge density wave order in YBa2Cu3O6.67 at high magnetic fields
Another three-dimensionally ordered CDW emerges around the zero-field superconducting transition temperature; in contrast, the incommensurate in-plane ordering vector is field-independent, implying that the two forms of CDW and high-temperature superconductivity are intimately linked.
Nematic Fermi Fluids in Condensed Matter Physics
Correlated electron fluids can exhibit a startling array of complex phases, among which one of the more surprising is the electron nematic, a translationally invariant metallic phase with a
Ubiquitous signatures of nematic quantum criticality in optimally doped Fe-based superconductors
Discerning the nematic connection The phase diagram of any given family of iron-based superconductors is complicated: Superconductivity competes with antiferromagnetism, with a structural transition