Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation.
People in different cultures have strikingly different construals of the self, of others, and of the interdependence of the 2. These construals can influence, and in many cases determine, the very…
Using social and behavioural science to support COVID-19 pandemic response
Evidence from a selection of research topics relevant to pandemics is discussed, including work on navigating threats, social and cultural influences on behaviour, science communication, moral decision-making, leadership, and stress and coping.
Is there a universal need for positive self-regard?
The need for positive self-regard, as it is currently conceptualized, is not a universal, but rather is rooted in significant aspects of North American culture.
Divergent consequences of success and failure in japan and north america: an investigation of self-improving motivations and malleable selves.
- S. Heine, D. R. Lehman, H. Matsumoto
- PsychologyJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
- 1 October 2001
Self-enhancing and self-improving motivations were investigated across cultures and revealed that self- Improving motivations are specific to the tasks on which one receives feedback.
Perceiving an Object and Its Context in Different Cultures
In two studies, a newly devised test (framed-line test) was used to examine the hypothesis that individuals engaging in Asian cultures are more capable of incorporating contextual information and…
Cultural affordances and emotional experience: socially engaging and disengaging emotions in Japan and the United States.
- S. Kitayama, B. Mesquita, Mayumi Karasawa
- Psychology, SociologyJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Japan showed a pervasive tendency to reportedly experience engaging emotions more strongly than they experienced disengaging emotions, but Americans showed a reversed tendency, and Japanese subjective well-being was more closely associated with the experience of engaging positive emotions than with that of disengaged emotions.
Cultures and Selves
It is proposed that a self is the “me” at the center of experience—a continually developing sense of awareness and agency that guides actions and takes shape as the individual, both brain and body, becomes attuned to various environments.
The cultural matrix of social psychology
The Cultural Psychology of Personality
Research in cultural psychology suggests that person is a social and collective construction made possible through an individual's participation in the practices and meanings of a given cultural…
Culture and basic psychological processes--toward a system view of culture: comment on Oyserman et al. (2002).
- S. Kitayama
- ArtPsychological bulletin
The author suggests that the cross-cultural validity of attitudinal surveys can no longer be taken for granted and the meta-theory underlying this literature (called the entity view of culture) is called into question.