Genetic studies of body mass index yield new insights for obesity biology
A genome-wide association study and Metabochip meta-analysis of body mass index (BMI), a measure commonly used to define obesity and assess adiposity, in up to 339,224 individuals provide strong support for a role of the central nervous system in obesity susceptibility.
Biological, Clinical, and Population Relevance of 95 Loci for Blood Lipids
The results identify several novel loci associated with plasma lipids that are also associated with CAD and provide the foundation to develop a broader biological understanding of lipoprotein metabolism and to identify new therapeutic opportunities for the prevention of CAD.
Age-related clonal hematopoiesis associated with adverse outcomes.
Age-related clonal hematopoiesis is a common condition that is associated with increases in the risk of hematologic cancer and in all-cause mortality, with the latter possibly due to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
Association analyses of 249,796 individuals reveal 18 new loci associated with body mass index
18 new loci associated with body mass index are identified, one of which includes a copy number variant near GPRC5B, and genes in other newly associated loci may provide new insights into human body weight regulation.
Discovery and Refinement of Loci Associated with Lipid Levels
It is found that loci associated with blood lipid levels are often associated with cardiovascular and metabolic traits, including coronary artery disease, type 2 diabetes, blood pressure, waist-hip ratio and body mass index.
Genome-Wide Association Analysis Identifies Loci for Type 2 Diabetes and Triglyceride Levels
The discovery of associated variants in unsuspected genes and outside coding regions illustrates the ability of genome-wide association studies to provide potentially important clues to the pathogenesis of common diseases.
Large-scale association analysis provides insights into the genetic architecture and pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes
A meta-analysis of genetic variants on the Metabochip, including 34,840 cases and 114,981 controls, finds a long tail of additional common variant loci explaining much of the variation in susceptibility to type 2 diabetes.
Six new loci associated with blood low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol or triglycerides in humans
Using genome-wide association data from three studies and targeted replication association analyses in up to 18,554 independent participants, it is shown that common SNPs at 18 loci are reproducibly associated with concentrations of low-density cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and/or triglycerides.
Genome-wide polygenic scores for common diseases identify individuals with risk equivalent to monogenic mutations
Genome-wide polygenic risk scores derived from GWAS data for five common diseases can identify subgroups of the population with risk approaching or exceeding that of a monogenic mutation.
Common variants at 30 loci contribute to polygenic dyslipidemia
The results suggest that the cumulative effect of multiple common variants contributes to polygenic dyslipidemia.