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Food starches and dental caries.
TLDR
It appears premature to consider or promote food starches in modern diets as safe for teeth, and increased focus on the cariogenicity of single starchy foods is warranted.
Inhibition of Salivary Amylase by Black and Green Teas and Their Effects on the Intraoral Hydrolysis of Starch
TLDR
The hypothesis that tea consumption can be effective in reducing the cariogenic potential of starch-containing foods such as crackers and cakes is supported.
Accumulation of Fermentable Sugars and Metabolic Acids in Food Particles that Become Entrapped on the Dentition
TLDR
The study demonstrated the persistence of sugars, the progressive accumulation of starch breakdown products, and the fermentation of the accumulated sugars in retained food particles, which support the view that high-starch foods contribute to the development of caries lesions.
Accumulation of methylglyoxal in the gingival crevicular fluid of chronic periodontitis patients.
TLDR
The finding of elevated levels of MG in the GCF from chronic periodontitis patients supports the hypothesis that MG may contribute to destructive tissue damage in this disease.
Maintenance of ΔpH by a butanol-tolerant mutant of Clostridium beijerinckii
TLDR
According to the authors, butanol can selectively affect a membrane-associated function at concentrations lower than required for the complete dissipation of transmembrane ion gradients.
Short-chain carboxylic-acid-stimulated, PMN-mediated gingival inflammation.
TLDR
The central hypothesis is that short-chain carboxylic acids can alter both cell function and gene expression, and thus contribute to the initiation and prolongation of gingival inflammation.
The metabolism of the erythrocyte. IX. Diphosphopyridine nucleotidase of erythrocytes.
TLDR
The rabbit erythrocyte possesses an active DPN-ase which is firmly attached to the membrane of the cell, and theobromine proved to be the most powerful inhibitor.
Lack of Correlation Between Food Retention on the Human Dentition and Consumer Perception of Food Stickiness
TLDR
Comparisons were made among consumer ratings of stickiness of 21 commercially available foods and objective measurements of tooth retention of each of the foods, showing that consumers cannot accurately assess the retentiveness of foods and advice simply to avoid sticky ones is inadequate.
IL-8 degradation by Porphyromonas gingivalis proteases.
TLDR
Northern analysis established that infected epithelial cells still expressed IL-8 mRNA, suggesting that the cytokine was destroyed after secretion, and in the presence of a protease inhibitor the loss was significantly retarded, indicating thatIL-8 was degraded by P. gingivalis proteases.
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