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toxB Gene on pO157 of Enterohemorrhagic EscherichiacoliO157:H7 Is Required for Full Epithelial Cell Adherence Phenotype
TLDR
The results suggest that ToxB contributes to the adherence of EHEC to epithelial cells through promotion of the production and/or secretion of type III secreted proteins. Expand
Dietary nitrate in Japanese traditional foods lowers diastolic blood pressure in healthy volunteers.
TLDR
The findings further support the importance of the role of dietary nitrate on BP regulation suggesting one possible explanation of healthy aspects of traditional Japanese food. Expand
Prevention of Helicobacter pylori infection by lactobacilli in a gnotobiotic murine model.
TLDR
Findings suggest the possibility of lactobacilli being used as probiotic agents against H pylori in the stomach of conventional mice in which lactOBacilli are the predominant indigenous bacteria. Expand
Molecular and Microbiological Characterization of Clostridium difficile Isolates from Single, Relapse, and Reinfection Cases
TLDR
The results indicate that the germination ability of C. difficile may be a potential risk factor for the recurrence of CDAD, and the isolates recovered from relapse cases showed a significantly higher germination rate when incubated in medium lacking the Germination stimulant sodium taurocholate. Expand
Association between Helicobacter bilis in Bile and Biliary Tract Malignancies: H. bilis in Bile from Japanese and Thai Patients with Benign and Malignant Diseases in the Biliary Tract
TLDR
H. bilis infection in bile was associated with biliary tract and gallbladder cancers in two high risk populations, Japanese and Thai. Expand
The effect of probiotic treatment with Clostridium butyricum on enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection in mice.
TLDR
Results indicated that the probiotic bacterium C. butyricum MIYAIRI strain 588 has preventive and therapeutic effects on EHEC O157:H7 infection in gnotobiotic mice. Expand
Attenuated CagA Oncoprotein in Helicobacter pylori from Amerindians in Peruvian Amazon*
TLDR
It is suggested that Amerindian cagA is of relatively low virulence, that this may have been selected in ancestral strains during infection of the people who migrated from Asia into the Americas many thousands of years ago, and that such attenuated CagA proteins could be useful therapeutically. Expand
Antifungal drug susceptibility of Cryptococcus neoformans from clinical sources in Nairobi, Kenya
TLDR
The serotypes and mating types of 80 clinical isolates of Cryptococcus neoformans from Kenya were studied and subjected to broth microdilution susceptibility testing to amphotericin B, flucytosin, fluconazole, itraconazole and miconazole to confirm all the isolates to be α‐mating type. Expand
Enhancement of dendritic cell activation via CD40 ligand-expressing γδ T cells is responsible for protective immunity to Plasmodium parasites
TLDR
It is found that γδ T cells play a key role in dendritic cell activation after Plasmodium infection and are supported strongly by the fact that in vivo induction of CD40 signaling prevented the death of TCRδ-KO mice after infection with P. berghei XAT. Expand
Outer Membrane Vesicles of Helicobacter pylori TK1402 are Involved in Biofilm Formation
TLDR
It is suggested that OMV produced from TK1402 play an important role in biofilm formation in strain TK 1402, which showed strong biofilm forming ability relative to the other strains in Brucella broth supplemented with 7% FCS. Expand
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