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Standard short-course chemotherapy for drug-resistant tuberculosis: treatment outcomes in 6 countries.
CONTEXT No large-scale study has investigated the impact of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) on the outcome of standard short-course chemotherapy under routine countrywide TB control programExpand
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Time-dependent variability in tacrolimus trough blood levels is a risk factor for late kidney transplant failure.
Wide variations in tacrolimus levels have been identified as a risk factor for inferior kidney allograft survival but past studies have not properly accounted for the dynamic nature of drug exposureExpand
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Delayed graft function and the risk for death with a functioning graft.
Delayed graft function (DGF) associates with an increased risk for graft failure, but its link with death with graft function (DWGF) is unknown. We used the US Renal Data System to assemble a cohortExpand
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Survival and hospitalization for intensive home hemodialysis compared with kidney transplantation.
Canadian patients receiving intensive home hemodialysis (IHHD; ≥16 hours per week) have survival comparable to that of deceased donor kidney transplant recipients in the United States, but aExpand
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Levofloxacin for BK virus prophylaxis following kidney transplantation: a randomized clinical trial.
IMPORTANCE BK virus infection is a significant complication of modern immunosuppression used in kidney transplantation. Viral reactivation occurs first in the urine (BK viruria) and is associatedExpand
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Outcomes of intraoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation versus cardiopulmonary bypass for lung transplantation.
OBJECTIVE The study objective was to compare the outcomes of intraoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation versus cardiopulmonary bypass support in lung transplantation. METHODS We performed aExpand
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Kidney Function and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease and Mortality in Kidney Transplant Recipients: The FAVORIT Trial
In kidney transplant recipients, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death. The relationship of kidney function with CVD outcomes in transplant recipients remains uncertain. WeExpand
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Association of Patent Ductus Arteriosus Ligation With Death or Neurodevelopmental Impairment Among Extremely Preterm Infants
Importance Observational studies have associated patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation among preterm infants with adverse neonatal outcomes and neurodevelopmental impairment in early childhood,Expand
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Cancer Mortality Among Recipients of Solid-Organ Transplantation in Ontario, Canada.
IMPORTANCE Solid-organ transplant recipients (SOTRs) are at greater risk of developing some cancers than the general population; however, because they are also at increased risk of mortality fromExpand
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Vascular access type, inflammatory markers, and mortality in incident hemodialysis patients: the Choices for Healthy Outcomes in Caring for End-Stage Renal Disease (CHOICE) Study.
BACKGROUND Few reports have shown an association between access type and inflammatory marker levels in a longitudinal cohort. We investigated the role of access type on serial levels of inflammatoryExpand
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