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Effectiveness of a hospital-wide programme to improve compliance with hand hygiene
TLDR
The campaign produced a sustained improvement in compliance with hand hygiene, coinciding with a reduction of nosocomial infections and MRSA transmission, and the promotion of bedside, antiseptic handrubs largely contributed to the increase in compliance. Expand
Pandemic Potential of a Strain of Influenza A (H1N1): Early Findings
TLDR
Transmissibility is substantially higher than that of seasonal flu, and comparable with lower estimates of R0 obtained from previous influenza pandemics, by analyzing the outbreak in Mexico, early data on international spread, and viral genetic diversity, which makes an early assessment of transmissibility and severity. Expand
Hand Hygiene among Physicians: Performance, Beliefs, and Perceptions
TLDR
Investigation of risk factors for nonadherence among physicians and of physician beliefs and perceptions associated with hand hygiene in this population found that overall adherence to hand hygiene guidelines was 57%. Expand
Alcohol-based handrub improves compliance with hand hygiene in intensive care units.
TLDR
In intensive care units, less time-consuming handrubbing might replace standard handwashing and overcome the barrier of time constraints and induce a marked and sustained increase in compliance with hand hygiene. Expand
Learning from imbalanced data in surveillance of nosocomial infection
TLDR
A retrospective analysis of a prevalence survey of NIs done in the Geneva University Hospital is described to identify patients with one or more NIs on the basis of clinical and other data collected during the survey. Expand
Prevention of severe Candida infections in nonneutropenic, high-risk, critically ill patients: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in patients treated by selective digestive
TLDR
Prophylactic use of fluconazole in a selected group of mechanically ventilated patients at high risk for infection reduces the incidence of Candida infections, in particular candidemia. Expand
Epidemiology and prognostic determinants of bloodstream infections in surgical intensive care.
TLDR
Bloodstream infection in critically ill patients is a common and frequently fatal condition and its outcome can be predicted by the severity of illness at onset of BSI and the number of organ dysfunctions evolving thereafter. Expand
Knowledge of Standard and Isolation Precautions in a Large Teaching Hospital
TLDR
Despite a training effort targeting opinion leaders, knowledge of transmission precautions for pathogens remained insufficient and specific training proved to be the major determinant of “good knowledge”. Expand
The effect of workload on infection risk in critically ill patients*
TLDR
Staffing is a key determinant of healthcare‐associated infection in critically ill patients and a substantial proportion of all infections could be avoided if nurse staffing were to be maintained at a higher level. Expand
Noma: an "infectious" disease of unknown aetiology.
TLDR
A combination of several elements of a plausible aetiology has been identified: malnutrition, a compromised immune system, poor oral hygiene and a lesion of the gingival mucosal barrier acting as a trigger for the disease. Expand
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