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Defining empirically supported therapies.
It is suggested that, in evaluating the benefits of a given treatment, the greatest weight should be given to efficacy trials but that these trials should be followed by research on effectiveness in clinical settings and with various populations and by cost-effectiveness research.
Cognitive self-statements in depression: Development of an automatic thoughts questionnaire
A 30-item questionnaire was devised to measure the frequency of occurrence of automatic negative thoughts (negative self-statements)associated with depression. Male and female undergraduates were
Randomized trial of behavioral activation, cognitive therapy, and antidepressant medication in the acute treatment of adults with major depression.
Among more severely depressed patients, behavioral activation was comparable to antidepressant medication, and both significantly outperformed cognitive therapy, and the implications of current treatment guidelines and dissemination are discussed.
Cognitive therapy vs medications in the treatment of moderate to severe depression.
Cognitive therapy can be as effective as medications for the initial treatment of moderate to severe major depression, but this degree of effectiveness may depend on a high level of therapist experience or expertise.
The investigation of schematic content and processing in eating disorders
The core psychopathology of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa is hypothesized to be represented in organized cognitive structures that unite views of the self with beliefs about weight. These
Antidepressant drug effects and depression severity: a patient-level meta-analysis.
The magnitude of benefit of antidepressant medication compared with placebo increases with severity of depression symptoms and may be minimal or nonexistent, on average, in patients with mild or moderate symptoms.
Prevention of relapse following cognitive therapy vs medications in moderate to severe depression.
Cognitive therapy has an enduring effect that extends beyond the end of treatment and seems to be as effective as keeping patients on medication.
Cognitive therapy versus medication for depression: treatment outcomes and neural mechanisms
Cognitive therapy and antidepressant medication probably engage some similar neural mechanisms, as well as mechanisms that are distinctive to each, which might one day be used to guide treatment selection and improve outcomes.
How does cognitive therapy work? Cognitive change and symptom change in cognitive therapy and pharmacotherapy for depression.
It is concluded that cognitive phenomena play mediational roles in cognitive therapy, however, data do not support their status as sufficient mediators.