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An official ATS/IDSA statement: diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of nontuberculous mycobacterial diseases.
Diagnostic Criteria of Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Lung Disease Key Laboratory Features of NTM Health Careand Hygiene-associated Disease Prevention Prophylaxis and Treatment of NTM Disease
Autoantibodies against type I IFNs in patients with life-threatening COVID-19
TLDR
A means by which individuals at highest risk of life-threatening COVID-19 can be identified is identified, and the hypothesis that neutralizing auto-Abs against type I IFNs may underlie critical CO VID-19 is tested.
Oxidation of tetrahydrobiopterin leads to uncoupling of endothelial cell nitric oxide synthase in hypertension.
TLDR
Evidence is obtained that hypertension produces a cascade involving production of ROSs from the NADPH oxidase leading to oxidation of tetrahydrobiopterin and uncoupling of endothelial NO synthase (eNOS), which decreases NO production and increases ROS production from eNOS.
Activated STING in a vascular and pulmonary syndrome.
TLDR
STING-associated vasculopathy with onset in infancy (SAVI) is an autoinflammatory disease caused by gain-of-function mutations in TMEM173, the stimulator of interferon genes (STING), andConstitutive up-regulation of phosphorylated STAT1 in patients' lymphocytes was reduced by JAK inhibitors.
Hyper-IgE syndrome with recurrent infections--an autosomal dominant multisystem disorder.
TLDR
The hyper-IgE syndrome is a multisystem disorder that affects the dentition, the skeleton, connective tissue, and the immune system that is inherited as a single-locus autosomal dominant trait with variable expressivity.
STAT3 mutations in the hyper-IgE syndrome.
TLDR
Mutations in STAT3 underlie sporadic and dominant forms of the hyper-IgE syndrome, an immunodeficiency syndrome involving increased innate immune response, recurrent infections, and complex somatic features.
Genetic, biochemical, and clinical features of chronic granulomatous disease.
The reduced nicotinamide dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase complex allows phagocytes to rapidly convert O2 to superoxide anion which then generates other antimicrobial reactive oxygen
GATA2 deficiency: a protean disorder of hematopoiesis, lymphatics, and immunity.
TLDR
GATA2 deficiency unites susceptibility to MDS/AML, immunodeficiency, pulmonary disease, and vascular/lymphatic dysfunction, and monocytopenia, B, NK, and CD4 lymphocy topenia correlated with the presence of disease.
Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases: An Update on the Classification from the International Union of Immunological Societies Expert Committee for Primary Immunodeficiency
TLDR
The updated classification of primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) compiled by the Expert Committee of the International Union of Immunological Societies acts as a current reference of the knowledge of these conditions and is an important aid for the molecular diagnosis of patients with these rare diseases.
Dominant-activating germline mutations in the gene encoding the PI(3)K catalytic subunit p110δ result in T cell senescence and human immunodeficiency
TLDR
T cells from patients with heterozygous for three different germline, gain-of-function mutations in PIK3CD exhibited increased phosphorylation of the kinase Akt and hyperactivation of the metabolic checkpoint kinase mTOR, enhanced glucose uptake and terminal effector differentiation in vitro.
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