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Reliability of diagnosing bacterial vaginosis is improved by a standardized method of gram stain interpretation
TLDR
The standardized score facilitates future research concerning bacterial vaginosis because it provides gradations of the disturbance of vaginal flora which may be associated with different levels of risk for pregnancy complications. Expand
Tenofovir-based preexposure prophylaxis for HIV infection among African women.
TLDR
None of the drug regimens evaluated reduced the rates of HIV-1 acquisition in an intention-to-treat analysis, and adherence to study drugs was low. Expand
Vaginal lactobacilli, microbial flora, and risk of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and sexually transmitted disease acquisition.
TLDR
Treatment of BV and promotion of vaginal colonization with lactobacilli should be evaluated as potential interventions to reduce a woman's risk of acquiring HIV-1, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis. Expand
The identification of vaginal Lactobacillus species and the demographic and microbiologic characteristics of women colonized by these species.
TLDR
Vaginal lactobacilli isolated from 215 sexually active women were identified using whole-chromosomal DNA probes to 20 American Type Culture Collection Lactobacillus strains and were positively associated with being white, age >/=20 years, barrier contraceptive usage, and lower frequency of bacterial vaginosis and gonorrhea. Expand
Bacterial vaginosis is a strong predictor of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis infection.
TLDR
Bacterial vaginosis was a strong predictor of gonorrhea and chlamydial infection among subjects who reported recent exposure to a male partner with urethritis, and the importance of vaginal flora in the defense against STD acquisition is supported. Expand
A case‐control study of chorioamnionic infection and histologic chorioamnionitis in prematurity
TLDR
Investigating the demographic and obstetrical characteristics, chorioamnionic cultures, and placental histologic features of women who delivered prematurely and compared these findings with those in women whose infants were delivered at term concludes that infection of the Chorioamnion is strongly related to histologic chorioamsionitis and may be a cause of premature birth. Expand
Association between Bacterial Vaginosis and Preterm Delivery of a Low-Birth-Weight Infant
TLDR
The women with bacterial vaginosis were more likely to be unmarried, to be black, to have low incomes, and to have previously delivered low-birth-weight infants. Expand
Use of a Vaginal Ring Containing Dapivirine for HIV-1 Prevention in Women.
TLDR
A monthly vaginal ring containing dapivirine reduced the risk of HIV-1 infection among African women, with increased efficacy in subgroups with evidence of increased adherence. Expand
A review of premature birth and subclinical infection.
TLDR
Results support the hypothesis that premature birth results in part from infection caused by genital tract bacteria, and research efforts must be prioritized to determine the role of infection and the appropriate prevention of this cause of prematurity. Expand
The Relationship of Amniotic Fluid Cytokines and Preterm Delivery, Amniotic Fluid Infection, Histologic Chorioamnionitis, and Chorioamnion Infection
TLDR
The hypothesis that infection is one cause of preterm delivery, operating via a mechanism involving induction of cytokine production, is supported. Expand
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