## The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time

- S. Hawking, G. Ellis
- Physics
- 1 April 1974

## Particle creation by black holes

- S. Hawking
- Physics
- 1975

AbstractIn the classical theory black holes can only absorb and not emit particles. However it is shown that quantum mechanical effects cause black holes to create and emit particles as if they were… Expand

## Action Integrals and Partition Functions in Quantum Gravity

- G. Gibbons, S. Hawking
- Physics
- 15 May 1977

One can evaluate the action for a gravitational field on a section of the complexified spacetime which avoids the singularities. In this manner we obtain finite, purely imaginary values for the… Expand

## Black hole explosions?

- S. Hawking
- PhysicsNature
- 1 March 1974

QUANTUM gravitational effects are usually ignored in calculations of the formation and evolution of black holes. The justification for this is that the radius of curvature of space-time outside the… Expand

## The four laws of black hole mechanics

- J. Bardeen, B. Carter, S. Hawking
- Physics
- 1 June 1973

Expressions are derived for the mass of a stationary axisymmetric solution of the Einstein equations containing a black hole surrounded by matter and for the difference in mass between two… Expand

## General Relativity; an Einstein Centenary Survey

- S. Hawking, W. Israel
- Physics
- 27 September 1979

List of contributors Preface 1. An introductory survey S. W. Hawking and W. Israel 2. The confrontation between gravitation theory and experiment C. M. Will 3. Gravitational-radiation experiments D.… Expand

## Cosmological Event Horizons, Thermodynamics, and Particle Creation

- G. Gibbons, S. Hawking
- Physics
- 15 May 1977

It is shown that the close connection between event horizons and thermodynamics which has been found in the case of black holes can be extended to cosmological models with a repulsive cosmological… Expand

## Breakdown of Predictability in Gravitational Collapse

- S. Hawking
- Physics
- 15 November 1976

The principle of equivalence, which says that gravity couples to the energy-momentum tensor of matter, and the quantum-mechanical requirement that energy should be positive imply that gravity is… Expand

## The singularities of gravitational collapse and cosmology

- S. Hawking, R. Penrose
- MathematicsProceedings of the Royal Society of London. A…
- 27 January 1970

A new theorem on space-time singularities is presented which largely incorporates and generalizes the previously known results. The theorem implies that space-time singularities are to be expected if… Expand

## Wave Function of the Universe

- J. Hartle, S. Hawking
- Mathematics
- 15 December 1983

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