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A quantitative analysis of fishing impacts on shelf-sea benthos.
It is shown that inter-tidal dredging and scallop dredging have the greatest initial effects on benthic biota, while trawling has less effect, and fauna in stable gravel, mud and biogenic habitats are more adversely affected than those in less consolidated coarse sediments. Expand
When can marine reserves improve fisheries management
Marine reserves are a promising tool for fisheries management and conservation of biodiversity, but they are not a panacea for fisheries management problems. For fisheries that target highly mobileExpand
Modification of marine habitats by trawling activities: prognosis and solutions
Fishing affects the seabed habitat worldwide on the continental shelf. These impacts are patchily distributed according to the spatial and temporal variation in fishing effort that results fromExpand
Blue frontiers: managing the environmental costs of aquaculture
The report begins with an overview of the current status of world aquaculture. It then goes on to describe an approach for estimating the current combined biophysical resource demands of aquacultureExpand
Phenological sensitivity to climate across taxa and trophic levels
A Climate Sensitivity Profile approach is applied to 10,003 terrestrial and aquatic phenological data sets, spatially matched to temperature and precipitation data, to quantify variation in climate sensitivity and detected systematic variation in the direction and magnitude of phenological climate sensitivity. Expand
Diagnosis and management of small‐scale fisheries in developing countries
Small-scale fisheries (SSF) make important but undervalued contributions to the economies of some of the world’s poorest countries. They also provide much of the animal protein needed by societies inExpand
Towards ecosystem‐based fisheries management
It is concluded that the expansion of single-species reference points to take account of the nontarget species of a fishery is tractable and desirable. Expand
Food webs: theory and reality
This chapter gives an overview on Food Webs, the theory and the reality and concentrates on the underlying principles of these modeling approaches; Lotka-Volterra: an industry standard, model predictions and the effects of data re-evaluation, community assembly, and the cascade model. Expand
Managing by-catch and discards: how much progress are we making and how can we do better?
There appears to be considerable potential for further reduction in global by-catch. This reduction is most likely to be achieved by focusing even greater attention on the technical, regulatory andExpand
Coping with disaster: Rehabilitating coastal livelihoods and communities
This paper examines lessons from past approaches to natural disasters, as well as early lessons from the post-2004 Asian tsunami rehabilitation, to draw out general principles for rehabilitatingExpand