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Pooled analysis of prospective cohort studies on height, weight, and breast cancer risk.
- P. A. van den Brandt, D. Spiegelman, D. Hunter
- MedicineAmerican journal of epidemiology
- 15 September 2000
The authors found little evidence for interaction with other breast cancer risk factors, and data indicate that height is an independent risk factor for postmenopausal breast cancer; in premenopausal women, this relation is less clear.
Alcohol and breast cancer in women: a pooled analysis of cohort studies.
Alcohol consumption is associated with a linear increase in breast cancer incidence in women over the range of consumption reported by most women, and reducing alcohol consumption is a potential means to reduce breast cancer risk.
Alcohol Intake and Colorectal Cancer: A Pooled Analysis of 8 Cohort Studies
A pooled analysis of 8 observational studies showed a small absolute increase in colorectal cancer risk with alcohol consumption of 30 g/d or greater (equivalent to 150 mL of wine), with the greatest risk among people who consumed 45 g/D or greater.
Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) genetic polymorphisms, dietary antioxidants, and risk of breast cancer.
The finding that risk was greatest among women who consumed lower amounts of dietary antioxidants and was minimal among high consumers indicates that a diet rich in sources of antioxidants may minimize the deleterious effects of the MnSOD polymorphism, thereby supporting public health recommendations for the consumption of diets rich in fruits and vegetables as a preventive measure against cancer.
Risk of human ovarian cancer is related to dietary intake of selected nutrients, phytochemicals and food groups.
A protective effect on ovarian cancer of phytoestrogen intakes is supported, and the hypothesis that a plant-based diet may be important in reducing risks of hormone-related neoplasms is supported.
Dietary Fiber Intake and Risk of Colorectal Cancer: A Pooled Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies
In this large pooled analysis, dietary fiber intake was inversely associated with risk of colorectal cancer in age-adjusted analyses and after accounting for other dietary risk factors, high dietary Fiber intake was not associated with a reduced risk of colon cancer.
Environmental organochlorine exposure and postmenopausal breast cancer risk.
- K. Moysich, C. Ambrosone, J. Freudenheim
- MedicineCancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a…
- 1 March 1998
It is suggested that an increase in risk of postmenopausal breast cancer associated with environmental exposure to PCBs and mirex, if at all present, is restricted to parous women who had never breast-fed an infant.
Dairy foods, calcium, and colorectal cancer: a pooled analysis of 10 cohort studies.
Higher consumption of milk and calcium is associated with a lower risk of colorectal cancer, and this results were consistent across studies and sex.
Cigarette smoking, N-acetyltransferase 2 genetic polymorphisms, and breast cancer risk.
It is suggested that smoking may be an important risk factor for breast cancer among postmenopausal women who are slow acetylators, demonstrate heterogeneity in response to carcinogenic exposures, and may explain previous inconsistent findings for cigarette smoking as a breast cancer risk factor.
Premenopausal breast cancer risk and intake of vegetables, fruits, and related nutrients.
In this population, intake of vegetables appears to decrease premenopausal breast cancer risk, and this effect may be related to beta-carotene and lutein + zeaxanthin in vegetables.