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Ultrastructure of attachment specializations of hexapods (Arthropoda): evolutionary patterns inferred from a revised ordinal phylogeny
Attachment devices of representatives of most higher taxa of hexapods were examined. Short descriptions of tibial, tarsal and pretarsal adhesive structures for each order are presented. In theirExpand
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Food Supply and Seawater pCO2 Impact Calcification and Internal Shell Dissolution in the Blue Mussel Mytilus edulis
Progressive ocean acidification due to anthropogenic CO2 emissions will alter marine ecosytem processes. Calcifying organisms might be particularly vulnerable to these alterations in the speciationExpand
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Evidence for capillarity contributions to gecko adhesion from single spatula nanomechanical measurements.
  • G. Huber, H. Mantz, +4 authors E. Arzt
  • Chemistry, Materials Science
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 8 November 2005
The hairy attachment system on a gecko's toes, consisting of one billion spatulae in the case of Gekko gecko [Ruibal, R. & Ernst, V. (1965) J. Morphol. 117, 271-294], allows it to adhere to nearlyExpand
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Mechanics of hierarchical adhesion structures of geckos
Abstract Geckos ( Gekko gecko ) have evolved elaborate adhesive structures which allow them to move along vertical walls and ceilings against their body weight. There is strong evidence that theExpand
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A Revised Interpretation of the Evolution of Attachment Structures in Hexapoda with Special Emphasis on Mantophasmatodea
Characters of hexapod attachment structures were analysed cladistically together with 110 additional morphological characters of immatures and adults. The results suggest the monophyly of Hexapoda,Expand
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Roughness-dependent friction force of the tarsal claw system in the beetle Pachnoda marginata (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae).
This paper studies slide-resisting forces generated by claws in the free-walking beetle Pachnoda marginata (Coleoptera, Scarabaeoidea) with emphasis on the relationship between the dimension of theExpand
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The effect of surface roughness on the adhesion of elastic plates with application to biological systems
We study the influence of surface roughness on the adhesion of elastic plates. Most real surfaces have roughness on many different length scales, and this fact is taken into account in our analysis.Expand
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Resolving the nanoscale adhesion of individual gecko spatulae by atomic force microscopy
Animals that cling to walls and walk on ceilings owe this ability to micron and nanoscale attachment elements. The highest adhesion forces are encountered in geckoes, which have developed intricateExpand
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The design of the fly adhesive pad: distal tenent setae are adapted to the delivery of an adhesive secretion
  • S. Gorb
  • Chemistry
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society of London…
  • 7 May 1998
Flies (Brachycera) have adhesive pads called pulvilli at the terminal tarsomere. The pulvilli are covered by tenent setae, sometimes termed tenent hairs, which serve to increase the actual area ofExpand
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Biological attachment devices: exploring nature's diversity for biomimetics
  • S. Gorb
  • Computer Science, Medicine
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A…
  • 13 May 2008
We propose ordering of biological attachment systems according to several principles: (i) fundamental physical mechanism, according to which the system operates, (ii) biological function of the attachment device, and (iii) duration of the contact. Expand
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