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Southward movement of the Pacific intertropical convergence zone AD 1400-1850
Tropical rainfall patterns control the subsistence lifestyle of more than one billion people. Seasonal changes in these rainfall patterns are associated with changes in the position of theExpand
Cross-shelf differences in the pattern and pace of bioerosion of experimental carbonate substrates exposed for 3 years on the northern Great Barrier Reef, Australia
Patterns of bioerosion of dead corals and rubbles on the northern Great Barrier Reef were studied by using blocks of the massive coral Porites experimentally exposed at six sites, located on anExpand
The lithobiontic ecological niche, with special reference to microorganisms
ABSTRACT Revised terminology is proposed that describes the ecological niches of microorganisms within hard, mineral substrates. Organisms attached to the external surfaces of the rock are termedExpand
Endolithic fungi in marine ecosystems.
In healthy growing reef corals, the relationship between the coral coelenterate, endolithic algae and fungi is in a state of equilibrium, but can turn detrimental to coral health when reefs are exposed to environmental stress. Expand
Early cyanobacterial fossil record: preservation, palaeoenvironments and identification
The molecular phylogeny of Cyanobacteria is complementary to the fossil findings, confirming the antiquity of the group, the role of cyanobacteria in the evolution of planetary primary production, and the symbiotic origins of plastids in algae and plants from cyanobacterial ancestors. Expand
Boring Microorganisms and Microborings in Carbonate Substrates
Boring or endolithic microorgani sms discussed herein are photosynthetic cyanophytes, eucary—otic green and red algae, and heterotrophic fungi that actively penetrate carbonate substrates. AlthoughExpand
Microbial endoliths in skeletons of live and dead corals: Porites lobata (Moorea, French Polynesia)
The series of successional biological changes shifted by the death and denudation of corals shifts the ecological balance between constructive and destructive forces on a coral reef in favor of the latter. Expand
Experimental studies on microbial bioerosion at Lee Stocking Island, Bahamas and One Tree Island, Great Barrier Reef, Australia: implications for paleoecological reconstructions
The results support the paleoecological importance of microendoliths and the introduction of nutrients had no apparent impact on the microborer community. Expand
Benthic cyanobacterial bloom impacts the reefs of South Florida (Broward County, USA)
The 16S ribosomal DNA sequence shares 88–92% identity with other known Lyngbya sequences, suggesting that this bloom consists primarily of a new, previously unsequenced species of Lyngbyshire, a concern because it smothers octocorals and other invertebrates and negatively impacts these southeastern Florida reefs. Expand
Bioerosion of experimental substrates on high islands and on atoll lagoons (French Polynesia) after two years of exposure
The results show significant differences between pristine environments on atolls and environments on high islands sub!ected to different levels of eutrophication and pollution due to human activities. Expand