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INTERSEXUAL COMPARISON OF MIMETIC PROTECTION IN THE BLACK SWALLOWTAIL BUTTERFLY, PAPILIO POLYXENES: EXPERIMENTS WITH CAPTIVE BLUE JAY PREDATORS
The black swallowtail butterfly (Papilio polyxenes asterius Stoll), is commonly assumed to exhibit female‐limited Batesian mimicry of the aposematic pipevine swallowtail (Battus philenor [L.]), sinceExpand
Host plant influence on chemical defense in conifer sawflies (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae)
Host diet affects the defensive efficacy of Neodiprion sawflies. In laboratory assays with wood ants (Formica obscuripes), secretions from larvae reared on Pinus banksiana were the most repellent,Expand
Contributions of female oviposition patterns and larval behavior to group defense in conifer sawflies (hymenoptera: diprionidae)
We studied the effects of adult oviposition and larval interactions on the defensive potential of gregarious behavior in conifer sawflies. Aggregation size and distribution initially reflected adultExpand
Host plant-based territoriality in the white peacock butterfly,Anartia jatrophae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae)
Mate locating behavior of Anartia jatrophaewas studied near Ochopee, Collier County, Florida. Males were individually marked, and focal animal samples were used to determine activity, residency, andExpand
Desiccation of Pinus foliage induced by conifer sawfly oviposition: effect on egg viability
Abstract 1. Desiccation of needles following oviposition by Neodiprion lecontei in Pinus resinosa caused high egg mortality. Eight‐five per cent of pine needles into which sawflies ovipositedExpand
Seed re-dispersal of four myrmecochorous plants by a keystone ant in central China
Abstract Seed re-dispersal following initial harvesting by ants may have important implications for the distribution and fate of myrmecochorous seeds. However, the probability of seed re-dispersed byExpand
INTERSEXUAL COMPARISON OF MIMETIC PROTECTION IN THE
The black swallowtail butterfly (Papilio polyxenes asterius Stoll), is commonly assumed to exhibit female-limited Batesian mimicry of the aposematic pipevine swallowtail (Battus philenor (L.)), sinceExpand
Testing evolutionary hypotheses in the classroom with MacClade software
MacClade is a Macintosh-based software package that uses the techniques of cladistic analysis to explore evolutionary patterns. Although designed for the Macintosh platform, MacClade deliversExpand
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