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INTERSEXUAL COMPARISON OF MIMETIC PROTECTION IN THE BLACK SWALLOWTAIL BUTTERFLY, PAPILIO POLYXENES: EXPERIMENTS WITH CAPTIVE BLUE JAY PREDATORS
TLDR
The high degree of bird‐to‐bird variability in response to P. polyxenes mimics suggests that there is a spectrum in ability or willingness of predators to discriminate among mimics of varying similarity to the model. Expand
Host plant influence on chemical defense in conifer sawflies (Hymenoptera: Diprionidae)
Host diet affects the defensive efficacy of Neodiprion sawflies. In laboratory assays with wood ants (Formica obscuripes), secretions from larvae reared on Pinus banksiana were the most repellent,Expand
Contributions of female oviposition patterns and larval behavior to group defense in conifer sawflies (hymenoptera: diprionidae)
TLDR
Results suggest that female oviposition patterns are influenced in part by the defensive benefits gained by offspring in large aggregations, and contribute to the overall antipredator strategy of sawfly larvae. Expand
Host plant-based territoriality in the white peacock butterfly,Anartia jatrophae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae)
TLDR
When male density more than doubled, site fidelity decreased, resident turnover increased, and areas that had not been defended at lower density were defended, which indicates territorial behavior in butterfly mating systems. Expand
Desiccation of Pinus foliage induced by conifer sawfly oviposition: effect on egg viability
TLDR
Desiccation of needles following oviposition by Neodiprion lecontei in Pinus resinosa caused high egg mortality and no larval emergence occurred from desiccated needles. Expand
Seed re-dispersal of four myrmecochorous plants by a keystone ant in central China
TLDR
Differences in the probability of seed re-dispersal and its subsequent effect on seed fate in relation to ants and rodents was attributed primarily to the elaiosome condition, seed size and seed spatial pattern, implying that seedRe-Dispersal could affect the fitness of plants and ultimately influence the plant abundance and distribution pattern. Expand
INTERSEXUAL COMPARISON OF MIMETIC PROTECTION IN THE
TLDR
The high degree of bird-to-bird variability in response to P. polyxenes mimics suggests that there is a spectrum in ability or willingness of predators to discriminate among mimics of varying similarity to the model. Expand
Testing evolutionary hypotheses in the classroom with MacClade software
TLDR
A novel and effective exercise that allows under-graduate biology majors to test a hypothesis about behavioural evolution in insects and provides students with the opportunity to learn firsthand how scientists evaluate hypotheses about patterns of adaptive change. Expand
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