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Beyond phytohaemagglutinin: assessing vertebrate immune function across ecological contexts.
1. Over the past decade, there has been a substantial increase in interest in the immune system and the role it plays in the regulation of disease susceptibility, giving rise to the field ofExpand
Human disturbance alters endocrine and immune responses in the Galapagos marine iguana (Amblyrhynchus cristatus)
Anthropogenic disturbance is a relevant and widespread facilitator of environmental change and there is clear evidence that it impacts natural populations. While population-level responses to majorExpand
Variation in stress and innate immunity in the tree lizard (Urosaurus ornatus) across an urban–rural gradient
The urban environment presents new and different challenges to wildlife, but also potential opportunities depending on the species. As urban encroachment onto native habitats continues, understandingExpand
The effects of stress on wound healing in male tree lizards (Urosaurus ornatus).
Exposure to stress can affect an organism's partitioning of resources among immune function and other organismal functions. However, measuring immune function is often difficult. Recent studies showExpand
Corticosterone modulation of reproductive and immune systems trade-offs in female tree lizards: long-term corticosterone manipulations via injectable gelling material
SUMMARY Physiological trade-offs arise because multiple processes compete for the same limiting resources. While competition for resources has been demonstrated between reproduction and immuneExpand
Immune activity suppresses reproduction in food‐limited female tree lizards Urosaurus ornatus
Summary 1When resources are scarce, organisms are faced with critical challenges trying to optimize competing functions. Reproduction and immune function are both resource intensive and important toExpand
Trade‐Offs between the Reproductive and Immune Systems: Facultative Responses to Resources or Obligate Responses to Reproduction?
A major challenge in biology is understanding how organisms partition limited resources among physiological processes. For example, offspring production and self‐maintenance are important for fitnessExpand
Neuroendocrine‐immune crosstalk in vertebrates and invertebrates: implications for host defence
Summary 1. Communication among cells, tissues and organ systems is essential for survival. Vertebrate and invertebrate animals rely primarily on three physiological systems for intra-organismalExpand
Food supplementation and testosterone interact to influence reproductive behavior and immune function in Sceloporus graciosus
The energetic resources in an organism's environment are essential for executing a wide range of life-history functions, including immunity and reproduction. Most energetic budgets, however, areExpand
Improved ex vivo method for microbiocidal activity across vertebrate species
Summary The field of ecoimmunology is currently undergoing rapid expansion, whereby biologists from a wide range of ecological disciplines are increasingly interested in assessing immunocompetence inExpand