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The prevalence and correlates of adult ADHD in the United States: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication.
- R. Kessler, L. Adler, +11 authors A. Zaslavsky
- Psychology, MedicineThe American journal of psychiatry
- 1 April 2006
Efforts are needed to increase the detection and treatment of adult ADHD and research is needed to determine whether effective treatment would reduce the onset, persistence, and severity of disorders that co-occur with adult ADHD.
The World Health Organization adult ADHD self-report scale (ASRS): a short screening scale for use in the general population
- R. Kessler, L. Adler, +9 authors E. Walters
- Medicine, PsychologyPsychological Medicine
- 21 January 2005
The unweighted six-question ASRS screener should be preferred to the full ASRS, both in community surveys and in clinical outreach and case-finding initiatives.
Validity of the Executive Function Theory of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Meta-Analytic Review
- E. Willcutt, A. Doyle, J. Nigg, S. Faraone, B. Pennington
- Medicine, PsychologyBiological Psychiatry
- 1 June 2005
Difficulties with EF appear to be one important component of the complex neuropsychology of ADHD, and moderate effect sizes and lack of universality of EF deficits among individuals with ADHD suggest that EF weaknesses are neither necessary nor sufficient to cause all cases of ADHD.
Molecular Genetics of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Family, twin, and adoption studies provide compelling evidence that genes play a strong role in mediating susceptibility to ADHD, and seven genes for which the same variant has been studied in three or more case-control or family-based studies show statistically significant evidence of association with ADHD.
Hyperactivity and hyperconnectivity of the default network in schizophrenia and in first-degree relatives of persons with schizophrenia
- S. Whitfield-Gabrieli, H. Thermenos, +10 authors L. Seidman
- MedicineProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 27 January 2009
Among patients, the magnitude of MPFC task suppression negatively correlated with default connectivity, suggesting an association between the hyperactivation and hyperconnectivity in schizophrenia.
Molecular genetics of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Although twin studies demonstrate that ADHD is a highly heritable condition, molecular genetic studies suggest that the genetic architecture of ADHD is complex. The handful of genome-wide linkage and…
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
Converging evidence from animal and human studies implicates the dysregulation of frontal-subcortical-cerebellar catecholaminergic circuits in the pathophysiology of ADHD, and molecular imaging studies suggest that abnormalities of the dopamine transporter lead to impaired neurotransmission.
What Is the Prevalence of Adult ADHD? Results of a Population Screen of 966 Adults
It is suggested that adult ADHD is a common disorder associated with impaired functioning and having ADHD is associated with lower levels of education and employment status.
Normal sexual dimorphism of the adult human brain assessed by in vivo magnetic resonance imaging.
A permutation test showed that, compared to other brain areas assessed in this study, there was greater sexual dimorphism among brain areas that are homologous with those identified in animal studies showing greater levels of sex steroid receptors during critical periods of brain development.
Validity of pilot Adult ADHD Self- Report Scale (ASRS) to Rate Adult ADHD symptoms.
- L. Adler, T. Spencer, +4 authors K. Secnik
- Psychology, MedicineAnnals of clinical psychiatry : official journal…
- 1 June 2006
The pilot Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale symptom checklist is a reliable and valid scale for evaluating ADHD for adults and shows a high internal consistency and high concurrent validity with the rater-administered ADHD RS.