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Nitrogen addition in a Norway spruce stand altered macromycete sporocarp production and below-ground ectomycorrhizal species composition.
Diversity of the ectomycorrhizal community was drastically reduced following 1 yr of N addition, whereas the saprobic fungal community was not affected, and a change in belowground species composition 2 years after N addition was observed with significant changes in abundances of single species.
Species richness, abundance, and phenology of fungal fruit bodies over 21 years in a Swiss forest plot
Fungal fruit bodies were surveyed on a plot area of 1500 m# from 1975‐99 (excluding 1980‐83) in the fungal reserve La Chaneaz in western Switzerland indicating that the number of species will substantially increase if the survey is continued.
Soil and geography are more important determinants of indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal communities than management practices in Swiss agricultural soils
- J. Jansa, A. Erb, H. Oberholzer, P. Šmilauer, S. Egli
- Geography, MedicineMolecular Ecology
- 1 April 2014
The authors' results indicate a number of well‐supported dependencies between abundances of certain AMF taxa and soil properties such as pH, soil fertility and texture, and a surprising lack of effect of available soil phosphorus on the AMF community profiles.
Above- and below-ground community structure of ectomycorrhizal fungi in three Norway spruce (Picea abies) stands in Switzerland
The structure of ectomycorrhizal communities was assessed above- and below-ground at three different sites in Switzerland that are dominated by Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.). We applied…
Is forest mushroom productivity driven by tree growth? Results from a thinning experiment
The results support the hypothesis that ectomycorrhizal fruit body production must be linked with the growth of the associated host trees and indicate the importance of including mycorrhIZal fungi as important players when discussing a tree as a carbon source or sink.
Susceptibility of ectomycorrhizal fungi to soil heating.
Ectomycorrhiza succession patterns in Pinus sylvestris forests after stand-replacing fire in the Central Alps
- Tabea Kipfer, B. Moser, S. Egli, T. Wohlgemuth, J. Ghazoul
- Environmental ScienceOecologia
- 6 April 2011
The data indicate fire resistance of some EcM fungal species as well as rapid resilience in terms of species number, but not in species composition, as long as the function of different EcM species for seedling establishment is unknown, the consequences of long-term shifts in EcM community composition for tree recruitment remain unclear.
Climate variation effects on fungal fruiting
Recovery of trees from drought depends on belowground sink control
These findings show that trees prioritize the investment of assimilates below ground, probably to regain root functions after drought, and propose that root restoration plays a key role in ecosystem resilience to drought, in that the increased sink activity controls the recovery of carbon balances.