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Illusion and well-being: a social psychological perspective on mental health.
Research suggesting that certain illusions may be adaptive for mental health and well-being is reviewed, examining evidence that a set of interrelated positive illusions—namely, unrealistically positive self-evaluations, exaggerated perceptions of control or mastery, and unrealistic optimism—can serve a wide variety of cognitive, affective, and social functions.
Biobehavioral responses to stress in females: tend-and-befriend, not fight-or-flight.
- S. E. Taylor, L. C. Klein, B. P. Lewis, T. Gruenewald, R. Gurung, J. Updegraff
- Psychology, BiologyPsychology Review
- 29 June 2000
It is proposed that, behaviorally, females' responses to stress are more marked by a pattern of "tend-and-befriend," and neuroendocrine evidence from animal and human studies suggests that oxytocin, in conjunction with female reproductive hormones and endogenous opioid peptide mechanisms, may be at its core.
Asymmetrical effects of positive and negative events: the mobilization-minimization hypothesis.
- S. E. Taylor
- PsychologyPsychological bulletin
- 1 July 1991
It is concluded that no single theoretical mechanism can explain the mobilization-minimization pattern, but that a family of integrated process models, encompassing different classes of responses, may account for this pattern of parallel but disparately caused effects.
A stitch in time: self-regulation and proactive coping.
The authors highlight the unique predictions afforded by a focus on proactive coping and the importance of understanding how people avoid and offset potential stressors.
Modeling cognitive adaptation: a longitudinal investigation of the impact of individual differences and coping on college adjustment and performance.
Drawing on cognitive adaptation theory, optimism, psychological control, and self-esteem were explored as longitudinal predictors of adjustment to college in a sample of 672 freshmen and indicated that self- esteem and control predicted greater motivation and higher grades, controlling for college entrance exam scores.
Social comparison activity under threat: downward evaluation and upward contacts.
Evidence is presented that in certain groups under threat, social comparison activities diverge, with explicit self-evaluation made against a less fortunate target, but information and affiliation sought out from more fortunate others (upward contacts).
Harnessing the imagination. Mental simulation, self-regulation, and coping.
In the program of research described in this article, mental simulation of the process for reaching a goal or of the dynamics of an unfolding stressful event produced progress in achieving those goals or resolving those events.
Effects of mindset on positive illusions.
Results suggest that people use relatively realistic thinking when setting goals and more positive thinking when implementing them during deliberation and when making decisions or implementing them.
Patterns of coping with cancer.
Coping through social support, focusing on the positive, and distancing was associated with less emotional distress, whereas using cognitive and behavioral escape-avoidance wasassociated with more emotional distress.
The affective consequences of social comparison: either direction has its ups and downs.
- B. Buunk, R. Collins, S. E. Taylor, N. Vanyperen, G. Dakof
- PsychologyJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
- 1 December 1990
Two studies proposed and found that a comparison can produce either positive or negative feelings about oneself, independent of its direction, and found individuals with high marital dissatisfaction and those who felt uncertain about their marital relationship were more likely to experience negative affect from upward and downward comparisons.