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Anthropogenic ocean acidification over the twenty-first century and its impact on calcifying organisms
Today's surface ocean is saturated with respect to calcium carbonate, but increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations are reducing ocean pH and carbonate ion concentrations, and thus theExpand
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Oceanic vertical mixing: a review and a model with a nonlocal boundary layer parameterization
If model parameterizations of unresolved physics, such as the variety of upper ocean mixing processes, are to hold over the large range of time and space scales of importance to climate, they must beExpand
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The Community Climate System Model Version 3 (CCSM3)
Abstract The Community Climate System Model version 3 (CCSM3) has recently been developed and released to the climate community. CCSM3 is a coupled climate model with components representing theExpand
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Climate-carbon cycle feedback analysis: Results from the C
Eleven coupled climate–carbon cycle models used a common protocol to study the coupling between climate change and the carbon cycle. The models were forced by historical emissions and theExpand
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Multiple stressors of ocean ecosystems in the 21st century: projections with CMIP5 models
Ocean ecosystems are increasingly stressed by human-induced changes of their physical, chemical and biological environment. Among these changes, warming, acidification, deoxygenation and changes inExpand
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Ocean Acidification: Present Conditions and Future Changes in a High-CO2 World
Author Posting. © Oceanography Society, 2009. This article is posted here by permission of Oceanography Society for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published inExpand
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Riverine coupling of biogeochemical cycles between land, oceans, and atmosphere
Streams, rivers, lakes, and other inland waters are important agents in the coupling of biogeochemical cycles between continents, atmosphere, and oceans. The depiction of these roles in global-scaleExpand
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Trends in the sources and sinks of carbon dioxide
Efforts to control climate change require the stabilization of atmospheric CO2 concentrations. This can only be achieved through a drastic reduction of global CO2 emissions. Yet fossil fuel emissionsExpand
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Ocean Acidification: The Other CO 2 Problem?
Summary The overall goal of this lecture is to provide an overview of the process and progress of ocean acidification in the global oceans and its impacts on marine organisms over time scales ofExpand
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Iron supply and demand in the upper ocean
Iron is hypothesized to be a limiting micronutrient for ocean primary production. This paper presents an analysis of the iron budget in the upper ocean. The global distribution of annual ironExpand
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