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Mitochondrial respiratory-chain diseases.
The mitochondrial respiratory chain has the crucial function of supplying the cell with energy in the form of ATP. Mutations affecting this chain can arise in mitochondrial or nuclear DNA and causeExpand
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Mitochondrial diseases.
Mitochondrial diseases, and particularly mitochondrial myopathies or encephalomyopathies, have drawn increasing attention in the past decade. Initially defined by morphologic changes in muscleExpand
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Mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and strokelike episodes: A distinctive clinical syndrome
We report on two patients who have a mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and recurrent cerebral insults that resemble strokes (MELAS). These two and nine other reported patientsExpand
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Mitochondrial disorders in the nervous system.
Mitochondrial diseases (encephalomyopathies) have traditionally been ascribed to defects of the respiratory chain, which has helped researchers explain their genetic and clinical complexity. However,Expand
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Human mitochondrial DNA: roles of inherited and somatic mutations
Mutations in the human mitochondrial genome are known to cause an array of diverse disorders, most of which are maternally inherited, and all of which are associated with defects in oxidative energyExpand
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Mitochondrial DNA deletions in progressive external ophthalmoplegia and Kearns-Sayre syndrome.
We investigated the correlations of deletions of mitochondrial DNA in skeletal muscle with clinical manifestations of mitochondrial myopathies, a group of disorders defined either by biochemicalExpand
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Inclusion body myositis and myopathies
Preface Part I. Overview of Pathologic and Pathogenic Comparison Between Sporadic Inclusion-Body Myositis and Hereditary Inclusion-Body Myopathies: 1. Newest approaches to diagnosis and pathogenesisExpand
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The clinical maze of mitochondrial neurology
Mitochondrial diseases involve the respiratory chain, which is under the dual control of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). The complexity of mitochondrial genetics provides one explanation forExpand
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Mitochondrial DNA and disease
The small circle of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) present in all human cells has proven to be a veritable Pandora's box of pathogenic mutations and rearrangements. In this review, we summarize theExpand
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Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy: An autosomal recessive disorder due to thymidine phosphorylase mutations
Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalomyopathy (MNGIE) is an autosomal recessive disorder defined clinically by severe gastrointestinal dysmotility; cachexia; ptosis, ophthalmoparesis, orExpand
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