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Hypnagogic and Hypnopompic Hallucinations during Sleep Paralysis: Neurological and Cultural Construction of the Night-Mare
TLDR
A three-factor structural model of HHEs based on their relations both to cultural narratives and REM neurophysiology is developed and tested with several large samples and central features of the model developed here are consistent with recent work on hallucinations associated with hypnosis and schizophrenia.
Relations among hypnagogic and hypnopompic experiences associated with sleep paralysis
TLDR
Regression analyses lend support to the hypothesis that sensed presence and fear are primitive associates of sleep paralysis and contribute to the elaboration of further hallucinoid experiences, especially those involving visual experiences.