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Phylogenetic relationships, historical biogeography and character evolution of fig-pollinating wasps
- C. A. Machado, E. Jousselin, F. Kjellberg, S. Compton, E. Herre
- BiologyProceedings of the Royal Society of London…
- 7 April 2001
The fig–wasp mutualism exhibits extraordinarily long–term evolutionary stability despite clearly identifiable conflicts of interest between the interactors, which is reflected by the very distinct variations found on the basic mutualistic theme.
Wind-borne insects mediate directional pollen transfer between desert fig trees 160 kilometers apart
- Sophia Ahmed, S. Compton, R. Butlin, P. Gilmartin
- Environmental ScienceProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
- 1 December 2009
The results suggest the existence of an extensive panmictic population of trees that are well suited to overcome the effects of geographical isolation, and microsatellite markers are used to characterize a geographically isolated riparian population of F. sycomorus growing along the Ugab River in the Namib Desert, Namibia.
Complex Interactions Between Mutualisms: Ants Tending Homopterans Protect Fig Seeds and Pollinators
Description d'experiences d'exclusion mettant en evidence l'effet benefique de la relation mutualiste entre fourmis et homopteres sur une autre relation mutualiste entre Ficus sp. et ses insectes…
Old World fruit bats can be long–distance seed dispersers through extended retention of viable seeds in the gut
- L. A. Shilton, J. Altringham, S. Compton, R. Whittaker
- Environmental ScienceProceedings of the Royal Society of London…
- 7 February 1999
It is demonstrated regular daytime (>12 hours) retention of food and viable fig seeds in the gut of the Old World fruit bat Cynopterus sphinx: a behaviour not previously reported for any frugivorous bat.
Alternative mating tactics and extreme male dimorphism in fig wasps
The patterns across all species, and between different male dimorphic species, strongly support sexual selection on mating opportunities as the major determinant of male morph ratios in fig wasps.
Studies of Ceratosolen galili, a Non-Pollinating Agaonid Fig Wasp'
- S. Compton, K. Holton, V. Rashbrook, S. Noort, S. L. Vincent, A. B. Ware
- Environmental Science
- 1 June 1991
It is confirmed that C. galili in southern Africa confirm that it does not actively pollinate the figs of F. sycomorus, although some accidental pollination takes place.
The Flight Heights of Chalcid Wasps (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea) in a Lowland Bornean Rain Forest: Fig Wasps are the High Fliers 1
Using sticky traps placed at different heights in a lowland rain forest of Borneo, this work compared the diurnal and nocturnal flight heights of chalcids, a group of mainly very small parasitoids and phytophages, to determine if the air above the canopy was used for dispersal.
Regulation of seed and pollinator production in the fig-fig wasp mutualism
Female agaonine fig wasps enter Ficus fruits (figs), where they pollinate the flowers and oviposit into the ovaries of a proportion of the flowers via their styles, to help maintain the evolutionary stability of the fig-fig wasp mutualism.
The Evolution of Mating Systems in Insects and Arachnids: Fig–associated wasps: pollinators and parasites, sex–ratio adjustment and male polymorphism, population structure and its consequences
Fig trees at the northern limit of their range: the distributions of cryptic pollinators indicate multiple glacial refugia
Their mainly allopatric distributions and different demographic histories are consistent with host plant postglacial expansion from three distinct refugia and suggest one mechanism whereby fig trees gain multiple pollinators.