• Publications
  • Influence
Dehydration: physiology, assessment, and performance effects.
This article provides a comprehensive review of dehydration assessment and presents a unique evaluation of the dehydration and performance literature. The importance of osmolality and volume areExpand
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Mechanisms of aerobic performance impairment with heat stress and dehydration.
Environmental heat stress can challenge the limits of human cardiovascular and temperature regulation, body fluid balance, and thus aerobic performance. This minireview proposes that theExpand
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Biological variation and diagnostic accuracy of dehydration assessment markers.
BACKGROUND Well-recognized markers for static (one time) or dynamic (monitoring over time) dehydration assessment have not been rigorously tested for their usefulness in clinical, military, andExpand
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Hydration for recreational sport and physical activity.
This review presents recommendations for fluid needs and hydration assessment for recreational activity. Fluid needs are based on sweat losses, dependent on intensity and duration of the activity,Expand
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Impact of weather on marathon-running performance.
UNLABELLED Marathon running performance slows in warm weather conditions, but the quantitative impact of weather has not been established. PURPOSE To quantify the impact of weather on marathonExpand
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Human water needs.
Healthy humans regulate daily water balance remarkably well across their lifespan despite changes in biological development and exposure to stressors on hydration status. Acute or chronic body waterExpand
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Epidemiology of hospitalizations and deaths from heat illness in soldiers.
PURPOSE Serious heat illness has received considerable recent attention due to catastrophic heat waves in the United States and Europe, the deaths of high-profile athletes, and military deployments.Expand
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High skin temperature and hypohydration impair aerobic performance
This paper reviews the roles of hot skin (>35°C) and body water deficits (>2% body mass; hypohydration) in impairing submaximal aerobic performance. Hot skin is associated with high skin blood flowExpand
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Thermoregulation and Marathon Running
AbstractThe extreme physical endurance demands and varied environmental settings of marathon footraces have provided a unique opportunity to study the limits of human thermoregulation for more than aExpand
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Exercise associated hyponatraemia: quantitative analysis to understand the aetiology
Background: The development of symptomatic hyponatraemia consequent on participation in marathon and ultraendurance races has led to questions about its aetiology and prevention. Objectives: ToExpand
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