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Comprehensive phylogeny of apid bees reveals the evolutionary origins and antiquity of cleptoparasitism
TLDR
The phylogenetic analysis of the Apidae sheds light on the macroevolution of a bee family that is of evolutionary, ecological, and economic importance and indicates that 99% of cleptoparasitic apid bees form a monophyletic group. Expand
Bees diversified in the age of eudicots
TLDR
All of the major bee clades are estimated to have originated during the Middle to Late Cretaceous, which is when angiosperms became the dominant group of land plants. Expand
The Antiquity and Evolutionary History of Social Behavior in Bees
TLDR
It is revealed that eusociality first evolved at least 87 Mya (78 to 95 Mya) in the corbiculates, much earlier than in other groups of bees with less complex social behavior. Expand
The impact of molecular data on our understanding of bee phylogeny and evolution.
TLDR
An overview of significant discoveries in bee phylogeny based primarily on the application of molecular data is presented and how the new phylogenetic insights have altered the understanding of bee biology is described. Expand
Identifying the sister group to the bees: a molecular phylogeny of Aculeata with an emphasis on the superfamily Apoidea
TLDR
A molecular phylogeny of Aculeata with an emphasis on the superfamily Apoidea finds that the bees are the sister group to the bees in this superfamily. Expand
Phylogeny of the Subfamilies of Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera)
TLDR
A combined morphological and molecular phylogenetic analysis was performed to evaluate the subfamily relationships of the parasitoid wasp family Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) and it was concluded that the molecular characters produced results that were relatively consistent with traditional, non-phylogenetic concepts of relationships between the ichneumonid subfamilies. Expand
ORIGINS, EVOLUTION, AND DIVERSIFICATION OF CLEPTOPARASITIC LINEAGES IN LONG‐TONGUED BEES
TLDR
A pathway for the evolution of brood parasitic strategy is proposed and it is found that a strategy in which a closed host nest cell is parasitized and the host offspring is killed by the adult parasite represents an obligate first step in the appearance of a brood parasitic lineage. Expand
Phylogenetic analysis of the corbiculate Apinae based on morphology of the sting apparatus (Hymenoptera: Apidae)
TLDR
This study aimed to test the various competing hypotheses regarding the relationships among the four tribes of corbiculate apine bees with a completely new set of previously unstudied morphological characters derived from the sting apparatus, supporting a well accepted scenario of social evolution for these bees. Expand
The diversification of neopasiphaeine bees during the Cenozoic (Hymenoptera: Colletidae)
TLDR
The present paper integrates phylogenetic, biogeographic and paleontological data to reconstruct the evolutionary history of Neopasiphaeinae, with special emphasis on the New World taxa, relating the evolution of these bees to changes, such as the Andes uplift and expansion of open vegetation biomes. Expand
The evolution of floral sonication, a pollen foraging behavior used by bees (Anthophila)
TLDR
This study reconstructs the evolutionary history of floral sonication in bees by generating a time‐calibrated phylogeny and reconstructing ancestral states for this pollen extraction behavior, and finds that sonicating lineages are significantly more species rich than nonsonicating sister lineages when comparing sister clades. Expand
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