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How Birds Combat Ectoparasites
Birds are plagued by an impressive diversity of ectoparasites, ranging from feather-feeding lice, to feather- degrading bacteria. Many of these ectoparasites have severe negative effects on hostExpand
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Ecology of congruence: past meets present.
Phylogenetic congruence is governed by various macroevolutionary events, including cospeciation, host switching, sorting, duplication, and failure to speciate. The relative frequency of these eventsExpand
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Host defense reinforces host–parasite cospeciation
Cospeciation occurs when interacting groups, such as hosts and parasites, speciate in tandem, generating congruent phylogenies. Cospeciation can be a neutral process in which parasites speciateExpand
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Host defence mediates interspecific competition in ectoparasites.
1. Interspecific competition influences which, how many and where species coexist in biological communities. Interactions between species in different trophic levels can mediate interspecificExpand
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COMPARATIVE TRANSMISSION DYNAMICS OF COMPETING PARASITE SPECIES.
Competition-colonization trade-off models explain the coexistence of competing species in terms of a trade-off between competitive ability and the ability to colonize competitor-free patches ofExpand
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Adaptive significance of avian beak morphology for ectoparasite control
The beaks of Darwin's finches and other birds are among the best known examples of adaptive evolution. Beak morphology is usually interpreted in relation to its critical role in feeding. However, theExpand
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Influenza A Virus Infections in Land Birds, People’s Republic of China
Water birds are considered the reservoir for avian influenza viruses. We examined this assumption by sampling and real-time reverse transcription–PCR testing of 939 Asian land birds of 153 species.Expand
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CORRELATED EVOLUTION OF HOST AND PARASITE BODY SIZE: TESTS OF HARRISON'S RULE USING BIRDS AND LICE
Abstract Large-bodied species of hosts often harbor large-bodied parasites, a pattern known as Harrison's rule. Harrison's rule has been documented for a variety of animal parasites and herbivorousExpand
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