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Essential oils: their antibacterial properties and potential applications in foods--a review.
  • S. Burt
  • Biology, Medicine
  • International journal of food microbiology
  • 1 August 2004
In vitro studies have demonstrated antibacterial activity of essential oils (EOs) against Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella typhimurium, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Shigella dysenteria, BacillusExpand
Antibacterial activity of selected plant essential oils against Escherichia coli O157:H7
Aims: To quantify the antibacterial properties of five essential oils (EO) on a non‐toxigenic strain of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in the presence and absence of a stabilizer and an emulsifier and atExpand
Synergy between essential oil components and antibiotics: a review
Many reported assays show additivity or moderate synergism, indicating that EOs may offer possibilities for reducing antibiotic use. Expand
Carvacrol Induces Heat Shock Protein 60 and Inhibits Synthesis of Flagellin in Escherichia coli O157:H7
This study is the first to demonstrate that essential oil components induce HSP60 in bacteria and that overnight incubation with carvacrol prevents the development of flagella in E. coli O157:H7. Expand
Increase in activity of essential oil components carvacrol and thymol against Escherichia coli O157:H7 by addition of food stabilizers.
Carvacrol and thymol, particularly when used in combination with a stabilizer or in an ethanol solution, may be effective in reducing the number or preventing growth of E. coli O157:H7 in liquid foods. Expand
Impact on human health of Salmonella spp. on pork in The Netherlands and the anticipated effects of some currently proposed control strategies.
The most efficient and cost-effective way of reducing the 'Salmonella problem' entailed by the consumption of pork would be to decontaminate carcasses under the precondition that the entire production chain strictly adheres to GMP principles. Expand
Structural requirements for the antimicrobial activity of carvacrol.
2-Amino-p-cymene had similar membrane disruption and bacterial killing characteristics as carvacrol showing that, contrary to previous reports, the hydroxyl group of carVacrol itself is not essential for the antimicrobial activity. Expand
The Natural Antimicrobial Carvacrol Inhibits Quorum Sensing in Chromobacterium violaceum and Reduces Bacterial Biofilm Formation at Sub-Lethal Concentrations
Carvacrol's activity in inhibition of biofilm formation may be related to the disruption of quorum sensing, showing that formation of the biofilm also confers protection against this compound. Expand
Vermin on pig farms are vectors for Clostridium difficile PCR ribotypes 078 and 045.
It is concluded that vermin can play a role in the spread and transmission of C. difficile types 078 and 045 within pig farms and to other locations. Expand
Cinnamaldehyde, Carvacrol and Organic Acids Affect Gene Expression of Selected Oxidative Stress and Inflammation Markers in IPEC‐J2 Cells Exposed to Salmonella typhimurium
The effects of cinnamaldehyde, carvacrol and cinnamic, lactic and propionic acids on the ability of Salmonella typhimurium ATCC 14028 to invade intestinal epithelial cells (IPEC‐J2) and on the expression levels of immune related genes in the cells were investigated. Expand