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A Developmental Perspective on Alcohol and Youths 16 to 20 Years of Age
Evidence linking alcohol abuse in late adolescence with neurologic damage and social impairments is described, and whether these are the bases for the association of adolescent drinking with increased risks of mental health, substance abuse, and social problems in adulthood is discussed.
Longitudinal study of cognition among adolescent marijuana users over three weeks of abstinence.
A description of the ABCD organizational structure and communication framework
Neural response to alcohol stimuli in adolescents with alcohol use disorder.
The results confirm previous studies by demonstrating an association between the urge to drink alcohol and blood oxygen use in areas of the brain previously linked to reward, desire, positive affect, and episodic recall and suggests a neural basis for response to alcohol advertisements in youths with drinking problems.
Functional MRI of inhibitory processing in abstinent adolescent marijuana users
Adolescent marijuana users relative to non-users showed increased brain processing effort during an inhibition task in the presence of similar task performance, even after 28 days of abstinence, suggesting that increased brainprocessing effort to achieve inhibition may predate the onset of regular use or result from it.
fMRI BOLD response to alcohol stimuli in alcohol dependent young women.
Image processing and analysis methods for the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development Study
The baseline neuroimaging processing and subject-level analysis methods used by the ABCD DAIC in the centralized processing and extraction of neuroanatomical and functional imaging phenotypes are described.
Substance use and withdrawal: Neuropsychological functioning over 8 years in youth
- S. Tapert, E. Granholm, Nathan G Leedy, S. Brown
- PsychologyJournal of the International Neuropsychological…
- 1 November 2002
It is suggested that use and withdrawal may differentially impact neurocognitive functioning during youth, with heavy use leading to learning, retention, and attentional difficulties, and withdrawal leading to problems with visuospatial functioning.
Impact of Adolescent Alcohol and Drug Use on Neuropsychological Functioning in Young Adulthood: 10-Year Outcomes
- K. Hanson, K. L. Medina, Claudia B Padula, S. Tapert, S. Brown
- PsychologyJournal of child & adolescent substance abuse
- 25 March 2011
Cognitive disadvantages from adolescence through young adulthood may produce cognitive disadvantages, including visuospatial and memory decline, among youth with heavy, chronic alcohol use and/or drug withdrawal symptoms may be at particular risk.
Substance involvement among youths in child welfare: the role of common and unique risk factors.
Risk factors unique to youths in the CW system, including age at entry into CW and number of out-of-home placements, revealed that both common and CW-specific risk factors were associated with the severity of youth substance involvement.