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  • Influence
Vitamin D Deficiency and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease
TLDR
Vitamin D deficiency is associated with incident cardiovascular disease and further clinical and experimental studies may be warranted to determine whether correction of vitamin D deficiency could contribute to the prevention of cardiovascular disease. Expand
Common genetic determinants of vitamin D insufficiency: a genome-wide association study
TLDR
Variants near genes involved in cholesterol synthesis, hydroxylation, and vitamin D transport affect vitamin D status, and genetic variation at these loci identifies individuals who have substantially raised risk of vitamin D insufficiency. Expand
Adiposity, Cardiometabolic Risk, and Vitamin D Status: The Framingham Heart Study
TLDR
Vitamin D status is strongly associated with variation in subcutaneous and especially visceral adiposity, and the mechanisms by which adiposity promotes vitamin D deficiency warrant further study. Expand
Environmental and societal factors affect food choice and physical activity: rationale, influences, and leverage points.
TLDR
This research highlights the need to understand more fully the rationale behind the rapid decline in physical activity in middle-aged people over a longer period of time. Expand
The role of menaquinones (vitamin K₂) in human health.
TLDR
It is concluded that further investigations are needed to establish how differences among the vitamin K forms may influence tissue specificities and their role in human health, and there is merit for considering both menaquinones and phylloquinone when developing future recommendations for vitamin K intake. Expand
Dietary vitamin K intakes are associated with hip fracture but not with bone mineral density in elderly men and women.
TLDR
Low vitamin K intakes were associated with an increased incidence of hip fractures in this cohort of elderly men and women and neither low vitamin K intake nor E4 allele status was associated with low BMD. Expand
Dietary intake and adequacy of vitamin K.
TLDR
Measurements of the extent to which plasma prothrombin or serum osteocalcin lack essential gamma-carboxyglutamic acid residues formed by vitamin K action, or the urinary excretion of this amino acid, provide more sensitive measures of vitamin K status than measures of plasma phylloquinone or insensitive clotting assays. Expand
Vitamin K intake and bone mineral density in women and men.
TLDR
Low dietary vitamin K intake was associated with low BMD in women, consistent with previous reports that low dietaryitamin K intake is associated with an increased risk of hip fracture. Expand
Dietary and nondietary determinants of vitamin K biochemical measures in men and women.
TLDR
Findings support the use of a FFQ for a relative assessment of vitamin K status in population-based studies, despite limitations in theUse of the FFQ to predict plasma phylloquinone, evident in an observed plateau effect and required nondietary adjustment factors. Expand
Human plasma carotenoid response to the ingestion of controlled diets high in fruits and vegetables.
TLDR
Most of the measurableCarotenoids of human plasma can be increased by moderate alterations in diet within a short time, although the magnitude of the plasma response may be related to the baseline carotenoid concentrations. Expand
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