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Vitamin D Deficiency and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease
Vitamin D deficiency is associated with incident cardiovascular disease and further clinical and experimental studies may be warranted to determine whether correction of vitamin D deficiency could contribute to the prevention of cardiovascular disease.
Common genetic determinants of vitamin D insufficiency: a genome-wide association study
Adiposity, Cardiometabolic Risk, and Vitamin D Status: The Framingham Heart Study
Vitamin D status is strongly associated with variation in subcutaneous and especially visceral adiposity, and the mechanisms by which adiposity promotes vitamin D deficiency warrant further study.
Environmental and societal factors affect food choice and physical activity: rationale, influences, and leverage points.
This research highlights the need to understand more fully the rationale behind the rapid decline in physical activity in middle-aged people over a longer period of time.
The role of menaquinones (vitamin K₂) in human health.
- J. Beulens, S. Booth, E. V. D. van den Heuvel, E. Stoecklin, A. Baka, C. Vermeer
- Medicine, BiologyBritish Journal of Nutrition
- 28 October 2013
It is concluded that further investigations are needed to establish how differences among the vitamin K forms may influence tissue specificities and their role in human health, and there is merit for considering both menaquinones and phylloquinone when developing future recommendations for vitamin K intake.
Dietary vitamin K intakes are associated with hip fracture but not with bone mineral density in elderly men and women.
Low vitamin K intakes were associated with an increased incidence of hip fractures in this cohort of elderly men and women and neither low vitamin K intake nor E4 allele status was associated with low BMD.
Genome-wide association study in 79,366 European-ancestry individuals informs the genetic architecture of 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels
In a genome-wide association study of 79,366 individuals, Jiang et al. replicate four and identify two new genetic loci for serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and find evidence for a shared genetic basis with autoimmune diseases.
Vitamin K intake and bone mineral density in women and men.
Low dietary vitamin K intake was associated with low BMD in women, consistent with previous reports that low dietaryitamin K intake is associated with an increased risk of hip fracture.
Dietary intake and adequacy of vitamin K.
Measurements of the extent to which plasma prothrombin or serum osteocalcin lack essential gamma-carboxyglutamic acid residues formed by vitamin K action, or the urinary excretion of this amino acid, provide more sensitive measures of vitamin K status than measures of plasma phylloquinone or insensitive clotting assays.
Vitamin K and vitamin D status: associations with inflammatory markers in the Framingham Offspring Study.
The observation that high vitamin K status was associated with lower concentrations of inflammatory markers suggests that a possible protective role for vitamin K in inflammation merits further investigation.