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TESTING FOR PHYLOGENETIC SIGNAL IN COMPARATIVE DATA: BEHAVIORAL TRAITS ARE MORE LABILE
TLDR
Analysis of variance of log K for all 121 traits indicated that behavioral traits exhibit lower signal than body size, morphological, life-history, or physiological traits, and this work presents new methods for continuous-valued characters that can be implemented with either phylogenetically independent contrasts or generalized least-squares models. Expand
Picante: R tools for integrating phylogenies and ecology
TLDR
Picante is a software package that provides a comprehensive set of tools for analyzing the phylogenetic and trait diversity of ecological communities and performs tests for phylogenetic signal in trait distributions, community structure and species interactions. Expand
TESTING FOR PHYLOGENETIC SIGNAL IN COMPARATIVE DATA: BEHAVIORAL TRAITS ARE MORE LABILE
Abstract The primary rationale for the use of phylogenetically based statistical methods is that phylogenetic signal, the tendency for related species to resemble each other, is ubiquitous. WhetherExpand
Tempo and mode in evolution: phylogenetic inertia, adaptation and comparative methods
TLDR
The concept of phylogenetic inertia needs to be defined and studied with as much care as ‘adaptation’. Expand
A Primer on Phylogenetic Generalised Least Squares
TLDR
It is demonstrated how PGLS can incorporate information about phylogenetic signal, the extent to which closely related species truly are similar, and how it controls for this signal appropriately, thereby negating concerns about unnecessarily ‘correcting’ for phylogeny. Expand
Accumulation and partitioning of heavy metals in mangroves: a synthesis of field-based studies.
TLDR
Mangroves as a group tend to operate as excluder species for non-essential metals and regulators of essential metals, potentially aiding in the retention of toxic metals and thereby reducing transport to adjacent estuarine and marine systems. Expand
Causes and consequences of variation in plant population growth rate: a synthesis of matrix population models in a phylogenetic context.
TLDR
The findings indicate that demographic data and models of closely related plant species cannot necessarily be used to make recommendations for conservation or control, and that post-seedling survival and the sequence of environmental conditions are critical for determining plant population growth rate. Expand
Ultraviolet signals ultra-aggression in a lizard
TLDR
It is shown that within the context of the natural signalling environment, UV-reflective throats constitute a conspicuous, effective signal that male Augrabies flat lizards use to advertise their status honestly to rivals. Expand
Morphometric and ultrastructural comparison of the olfactory system in elasmobranchs: The significance of structure–function relationships based on phylogeny and ecology
This study investigated the relationship between olfactory morphology, habitat occupancy, and lifestyle in 21 elasmobranch species in a phylogenetic context. Four measures of olfactory capability,Expand
NATURAL SELECTION AND QUANTITATIVE GENETICS OF LIFE-HISTORY TRAITS IN WESTERN WOMEN: A TWIN STUDY
TLDR
Analysis of data from a large twin cohort used to assess whether selection will cause a change among women in a contemporary Western population for three life-history traits suggests that selection is now acting on different traits from which it did in pre-industrial human populations. Expand
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