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Synbiotic modulation of gut flora: Effect on minimal hepatic encephalopathy in patients with cirrhosis
Treatment with synbiotics or fermentable fiber is an alternative to lactulose for the management of MHE in patients with cirrhosis and was associated with a significant reduction in blood ammonia levels and reversal of M HE in 50% of patients.
NF-κB- and AP-1-Mediated Induction of Human Beta Defensin-2 in Intestinal Epithelial Cells by Escherichia coli Nissle 1917: a Novel Effect of a Probiotic Bacterium
It is demonstrated that probiotic bacteria may stimulate the intestinal innate defense through the upregulation of inducible antimicrobial peptides such as hBD-2.
Administration of different Lactobacillus strains in fermented oatmeal soup: in vivo colonization of human intestinal mucosa and effect on the indigenous flora
The administration significantly increased the Lactobacillus counts on the jejunum mucosa, and high levels remained 11 days after administration was terminated, and a decrease in the number of members of the Enterobacteriaceae by 1,000-fold was observed on the rectal mucosa of two persons.
Determinants of survival in liver resection for colorectal secondaries
It is concluded that resection for liver colorectal secondaries is indicated when there are less than four liver tumours, even if bilateral, no extrahepatic disease is present, and a resection margin of at least 10 mm can be obtained.
Early enteral supply of lactobacillus and fiber versus selective bowel decontamination: a controlled trial in liver transplant recipients
Early enteral nutrition with fiber-containing solutions and living L plantarum 299 was well tolerated and decreases markedly the rate of postoperative infections both in comparison with inactivated L plantareum 299 and significantly with SBD and a standard enteralnutrition formula.
Supply of Pre‐ and Probiotics Reduces Bacterial Infection Rates After Liver Transplantation—A Randomized, Double‐Blind Trial
The aim is to study if a combination of different LAB and fibers would further improve outcome, which recently reported significant progress with a synbiotic composition, consisting of one lactic acid bacteria and one fiber.
Gut microbiota, immune development and function.
  • S. Bengmark
  • Biology, Medicine
    Pharmacological research
  • 15 October 2012
Ecological control of the gastrointestinal tract. The role of probiotic flora
Changes in food habits in Western countries that no doubt constitute stresses to the human body and that may predispose to inflammatory, infectious, ulcerative, degenerative, and neoplastic diseases include the following.
Synbiotics, prebiotics, glutamine, or peptide in early enteral nutrition: a randomized study in trauma patients.
Patients supplemented with synbiotics did better than the others, with lower intestinal permeability and fewer infections.
The natural history of primary and secondary malignant tumors of the liver I. The prognosis for patients with hepatic metastases from colonic and rectal carcinoma by laparotomy
In a series of 156 patients operated on for colonic and rectal carcinoma, 38 were shown to have hepatic metastases, and patients with elevated alkaline phosphatases at the time of operation had a shorter mean survival than those with normal values.