• Publications
  • Influence
NF-κB- and AP-1-Mediated Induction of Human Beta Defensin-2 in Intestinal Epithelial Cells by Escherichia coli Nissle 1917: a Novel Effect of a Probiotic Bacterium
ABSTRACT Little is known about the defensive mechanisms induced in epithelial cells by pathogenic versus probiotic bacteria. The aim of our study was to compare probiotic bacterial strains such asExpand
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  • Open Access
Failure of Synbiotic 2000 to Prevent Postoperative Recurrence of Crohn’s Disease
Complications of Crohn’s disease (CD) lead to surgery in about 70–90% of patients. The majority of patients suffer from relapse of the disease. Colonic bacteria are essential to the development ofExpand
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  • Open Access
Curcumin, An Atoxic Antioxidant and Natural NFκB, Cyclooxygenase-2, Lipooxygenase, and Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase Inhibitor: A Shield Against Acute and Chronic Diseases.
  • S. Bengmark
  • Medicine
  • JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition
  • 2006
BACKGROUND The world suffers a tsunami of chronic diseases, and a typhoon of acute illnesses, many of which are associated with the inappropriate or exaggerated activation of genes involved inExpand
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  • Open Access
Effect of pre- and probiotics on liver regeneration after resection: a randomised, double-blind pilot study.
Liver regeneration is a prerequisite for extended liver surgery. Several studies have shown that the bacterial gut flora is able to modulate liver function. Previously we observed that synbioticsExpand
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  • Open Access
Probiotics potentiate IL-6 production in IL-1beta-treated Caco-2 cells through a heat shock-dependent mechanism.
IL-6 may exert anti-inflammatory and protective effects in intestinal mucosa and enterocytes. The influence of probiotics on mucosal and enterocyte IL-6 production is not known. We tested theExpand
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  • Open Access
Bacterial biofilm suppression with antibiotics for ulcerative and indeterminate colitis: consequences of aggressive treatment.
BACKGROUND Antibiotics are commonly used in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Little is known about their effect on the mucosal flora. METHODS The mucosal flora was investigated in colonoscopicExpand
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  • Open Access
Nutritional Support to Prevent and Treat Multiple Organ Failure
Abstract. Enteral nutrition (EN) has several advantages over parenteral nutrition (PN) for postoperative/posttrauma patients. Modern technologies for tube-feeding have made early EN possible. JejunalExpand
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Intraabdominal infections and gut origin sepsis
Intraabdominal postoperative or posttraumatic infections remain a major threat to life in spite of generation after generation of increasingly effective antimicrobial drugs indicating the importanceExpand
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Einfluss von Probiotika und Ballaststoffen auf die Inzidenz bakterieller Infektionen nach viszeralchirurgischen Eingriffen - Ergebnisse einer prospektiven Studie
Introduction: Early enteral nutrition with fibre and probiotics has been effective in preventing bacterial translocation and is therefore expected to reduce the incidence of postoperative bacterialExpand
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