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Exercise Before Puberty May Confer Residual Benefits in Bone Density in Adulthood: Studies in Active Prepubertal and Retired Female Gymnasts
TLDR
The prepubertal years are likely to be an opportune time for exercise to increase bone density and as residual benefits are maintained into adulthood, exercise before puberty may reduce fracture risk after menopause. Expand
Moderate exercise during growth in prepubertal boys: changes in bone mass, size, volumetric density, and bone strength: a controlled prospective study.
TLDR
Moderate and readily accessible weight-bearing exercise undertaken before puberty may increase femoral volumetric BMD by increasing cortical thickness that is likely to offset bone fragility conferred by menopause-related and age-related endocortical bone resorption. Expand
The differing tempo of growth in bone size, mass, and density in girls is region-specific.
TLDR
Growth builds a bigger, but only moderately denser, skeleton, and Regions growing rapidly, or distant from their peak, may be more severely affected by illness than those growing slowly or nearer completion of growth. Expand
Regional Specificity of Exercise and Calcium During Skeletal Growth in Girls: A Randomized Controlled Trial
TLDR
Great gains in bone mass at loaded sites may be achieved when short bouts of moderate exercise are combined with increased dietary calcium, the former conferring region‐specific effects and the latter producing generalized effects. Expand
The relationship between muscle size and bone geometry during growth and in response to exercise.
TLDR
The unifying hypothesis that larger muscles induced by exercise led to a proportional increase in bone mass, bone size, and bending strength appears to be simplistic and denies the influence of other factors in the development of bone mass and bone shape. Expand
Effects of High‐Impact Exercise on Ultrasonic and Biochemical Indices of Skeletal Status: A Prospective Study in Young Male Gymnasts
TLDR
It is suggested that frequent high‐impact, weight‐bearing exercise during the pre and peripubertal period may enhance the mechanical competence of the skeleton, perhaps offering an important strategy for osteoporosis prevention if the benefits are maintained. Expand
Balancing the risk of injury to gymnasts: how effective are the counter measures?
TLDR
There is a paucity of information on injury risk factors and the effectiveness of injury practices in gymnastics, and further controlled trials are needed to examine the extent to which injury prevention counter measures can prevent or reduce the occurrence of injury and re-injury. Expand
Sedentary lifestyle as a risk factor for low back pain: a systematic review
TLDR
It is confirmed that sedentary lifestyle by itself is not associated with low back pain, and sedentary behaviour is a risk factor for developing LBP. Expand
Is adiposity an under-recognized risk factor for tendinopathy? A systematic review.
TLDR
Elevated adiposity is frequently associated with tendon injury, although this association appears to vary depending on aspects of study design and measurement. Expand
Effects of a multi-component exercise program and calcium–vitamin-D3-fortified milk on bone mineral density in older men: a randomised controlled trial
TLDR
A multi-component community-based exercise program was effective for increasing FN BMD in older men, but additional calcium–vitamin D3 did not enhance the osteogenic response. Expand
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