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The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ): Evidence from Asperger Syndrome/High-Functioning Autism, Malesand Females, Scientists and Mathematicians
Currently there are no brief, self-administered instruments for measuring the degree to which an adult with normal intelligence has the traits associated with the autistic spectrum. In this paper, weExpand
The "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" Test revised version: a study with normal adults, and adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism.
In 1997 in this Journal we published the "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" Test, as a measure of adult "mentalising". Whilst that test succeeded in discriminating a group of adults with AspergerExpand
Mindblindness: An Essay on Autism and Theory of Mind
Mindblindness and mindreading evolutionary psychology and social chess mindreading - nature's choice developing mindreading - the four steps autism and mindblindness how brains read minds theExpand
The Empathy Quotient: An Investigation of Adults with Asperger Syndrome or High Functioning Autism, and Normal Sex Differences
Empathy is an essential part of normal social functioning, yet there are precious few instruments for measuring individual differences in this domain. In this article we review psychological theoriesExpand
Does the autistic child have a “theory of mind” ?
Abstract We use a new model of metarepresentational development to predict a cognitive deficit which could explain a crucial component of the social impairment in childhood autism. One of theExpand
The extreme male brain theory of autism
  • S. Baron-Cohen
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Trends in Cognitive Sciences
  • 1 June 2002
The key mental domains in which sex differences have traditionally been studied are verbal and spatial abilities. In this article I suggest that two neglected dimensions for understanding human sexExpand
Gaze Perception Triggers Reflexive Visuospatial Orienting
This paper seeks to bring together two previously separate research traditions: research on spatial orienting within the visual cueing paradigm and research into social cognition, addressing ourExpand
Another advanced test of theory of mind: evidence from very high functioning adults with autism or asperger syndrome.
Previous studies have found a subgroup of people with autism or Asperger Syndrome who pass second-order tests of theory of mind. However, such tests have a ceiling in developmental termsExpand
Frontal Lobe Contributions to Theory of Mind
Theory of mind, the ability to make inferences about others' mental states, seems to be a modular cognitive capacity that underlies humans' ability to engage in complex social interaction. ItExpand
The autistic child's theory of mind: a case of specific developmental delay.
  • S. Baron-Cohen
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and…
  • 1 March 1989
In previous tests of the lowest level of a "theory of mind" (i.e. first-order belief attribution), 80% of autistic children were found to be impaired relative to a non-autistic mentally-handicappedExpand