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The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ): Evidence from Asperger Syndrome/High-Functioning Autism, Malesand Females, Scientists and Mathematicians
TLDR
The Autism-Spectrum Quotient is a valuable instrument for rapidly quantifying where any given individual is situated on the continuum from autism to normality, and its potential for screening for autism spectrum conditions in adults of normal intelligence remains to be fully explored.
The "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" Test revised version: a study with normal adults, and adults with Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism.
TLDR
The Revised Eyes Test has improved power to detect subtle individual differences in social sensitivity and was inversely correlated with the Autism Spectrum Quotient (the AQ), a measure of autistic traits in adults of normal intelligence.
Mindblindness: An Essay on Autism and Theory of Mind
Mindblindness and mindreading evolutionary psychology and social chess mindreading - nature's choice developing mindreading - the four steps autism and mindblindness how brains read minds the
The Empathy Quotient: An Investigation of Adults with Asperger Syndrome or High Functioning Autism, and Normal Sex Differences
TLDR
The EQ reveals both a sex difference in empathy in the general population and an empathy deficit in Asperger Syndrome or high-functioning autism adults, who are reported clinically to have difficulties in empathy.
The extreme male brain theory of autism
  • S. Baron-Cohen
  • Psychology, Philosophy
    Trends in Cognitive Sciences
  • 1 June 2002
Gaze Perception Triggers Reflexive Visuospatial Orienting
This paper seeks to bring together two previously separate research traditions: research on spatial orienting within the visual cueing paradigm and research into social cognition, addressing our
Another advanced test of theory of mind: evidence from very high functioning adults with autism or asperger syndrome.
TLDR
Very high functioning adults with autism or Asperger Syndrome are reported on an adult test of theory of mind ability, providing evidence for subtle mindreading deficits in very high functioning individuals on the autistic continuum.
The autistic child's theory of mind: a case of specific developmental delay.
  • S. Baron-Cohen
  • Psychology
    Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and…
  • 1 March 1989
TLDR
The present study examines the 20% of autistic children who have a theory of mind at the lowest level, and tests their ability to use a theoryOf mind at higher levels (i.e. second-order belief attribution).
Frontal Lobe Contributions to Theory of Mind
TLDR
Patients with bilateral damage to orbito-frontal cortex and unilateral damage in left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex performed similarly to individuals with Asperger's syndrome, performing well on simpler tests and showing deficits on tasks requiring more subtle social reasoning, such as the ability to recognize a faux pas.
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