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Global epidemiology of HIV infection in men who have sex with men
Epidemics of HIV in men who have sex with men (MSM) continue to expand in most countries. We sought to understand the epidemiological drivers of the global epidemic in MSM and why it continues… Expand
Burden of HIV among female sex workers in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
BACKGROUND Female sex workers are a population who are at heightened risk of HIV infection secondary to biological, behavioural, and structural risk factors. However, three decades into the HIV… Expand
Worldwide burden of HIV in transgender women: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
- S. Baral, T. Poteat, S. Strömdahl, A. Wirtz, T. Guadamuz, C. Beyrer
- The Lancet. Infectious diseases
- 1 March 2013
BACKGROUND Previous systematic reviews have identified a high prevalence of HIV infection in transgender women in the USA and in those who sell sex (compared with both female and male sex workers).… Expand
Elevated Risk for HIV Infection among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Low- and Middle-Income Countries 2000–2006: A Systematic Review
Background Recent reports of high HIV infection rates among men who have sex with men (MSM) from Asia, Africa, Latin America, and the former Soviet Union (FSU) suggest high levels of HIV transmission… Expand
HIV Prevalence, Risks for HIV Infection, and Human Rights among Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) in Malawi, Namibia, and Botswana
Background In the generalized epidemics of HIV in southern Sub-Saharan Africa, men who have sex with men have been largely excluded from HIV surveillance and research. Epidemiologic data for MSM in… Expand
Global health burden and needs of transgender populations: a review
Transgender people are a diverse population affected by a range of negative health indicators across high-income, middle-income, and low-income settings. Studies consistently document a high… Expand
A systematic review of interventions to reduce HIV-related stigma and discrimination from 2002 to 2013: how far have we come?
- A. Stangl, J. Lloyd, L. Brady, C. Holland, S. Baral
- Journal of the International AIDS Society
- 31 October 2013
HIV‐related stigma and discrimination continue to hamper efforts to prevent new infections and engage people in HIV treatment, care and support programmes. The identification of effective… Expand
Stigma, Health Care Access, and HIV Knowledge Among Men Who Have Sex With Men in Malawi, Namibia, and Botswana
Same-sex practices are stigmatized in much of sub-Saharan Africa. Cross-sectional relationships between discrimination, access to and use of health care services, and HIV knowledge among men who have… Expand
Modified social ecological model: a tool to guide the assessment of the risks and risk contexts of HIV epidemics
BackgroundSocial and structural factors are now well accepted as determinants of HIV vulnerabilities. These factors are representative of social, economic, organizational and political inequities.… Expand
Assessing Differential Impacts of COVID-19 on Black Communities
Purpose Given incomplete data reporting by race, we used data on COVID-19 cases and deaths in US counties to describe racial disparities in COVID-19 disease and death and associated determinants.… Expand