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Why is There so Little Money in Politics
In this paper, we argue that campaign contributions are not a form of policy-buying, but are rather a form of political participation and consumption. We summarize the data on campaign spending, andExpand
Going Negative: How Political Advertisements Shrink and Polarize the Electorate
Drawing on both laboratory experiments and the real world of America's presidential, gubernatorial, and congressional races, the authors show that negative advertising drives down voter turnout - inExpand
Does Attack Advertising Demobilize the Electorate
We address the effects of negative campaign advertising on turnout. Using a unique experimental design in which advertising tone is manipulated within the identical audiovisual context, we find thatExpand
Party Control of State Government and the Distribution of Public Expenditures
This paper examines the effects of party control of state governments on the distribution of intergovernmental transfers across counties from 1957 to 1997. We find that the governing parties skew theExpand
Voting Weights and Formateur Advantages in the Formation of Coalition Governments
The specification improves on past studies on the relationship between parliamentary seats and cabinet posts in European governments between 1946 and 2001 and derives and uses the voting weights of the underlying coalition formation games. Expand
Valence Politics and Equilibrium in Spatial Election Models
Spatial models of two-party or two-candidatecompetition almost never have pure-strategy Nashequilibria when the issue space has more than onedimension. This paper shows that the introductionExpand
The Strength of Issues: Using Multiple Measures to Gauge Preference Stability, Ideological Constraint, and Issue Voting
A venerable supposition of American survey research is that the vast majority of voters have incoherent and unstable preferences about political issues, which in turn have little impact on voteExpand
Candidate Positioning in U.S. House Elections
siveness waned in the 1980s and 1990s. n an extended republic, the desires of citizens are translated into law through the election of representatives. Candidates present themselves to voters, whoExpand
The Incumbency Advantage in U.S. Elections: An Analysis of State and Federal Offices, 1942–2000
Rising incumbency advantages in U.S. House elections have prompted a wave of new electoral laws, ranging from campaign nance regulations to term limits. We test a central claim for these reforms {Expand