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Dissociation Of Working Memory from Decision Making within the Human Prefrontal Cortex
TLDR
A cognitive and anatomic double dissociation between deficits in decision making (anterior VM) and working memory (right DL/M) is revealed, the first direct evidence of such effects in humans using the lesion method and underscores the special importance of the VM prefrontal region in decisionMaking, independent of a direct role in working memory.
Impairment of social and moral behavior related to early damage in human prefrontal cortex
TLDR
Early-onset prefrontal damage resulted in a syndrome resembling psychopathy, suggesting that the acquisition of complex social conventions and moral rules had been impaired.
Awareness of disease states following cerebral infarction, dementia, and head trauma: Standardized assessment
TLDR
It is evident that unawareness of cognitive defects is an important and common manifestation of brain disease, and systematic evaluation of this problem may aid in patient management and rehabilitation planning.
Acquired Personality Disturbances Associated With Bilateral Damage to the Ventromedial Prefrontal Region
TLDR
Differences between this syndrome of "acquired sociopathy" and developmental psychopathy in characteristic personality disturbances and psychophysiological abnormalities suggest that diminished emotionality, impaired decision making, and psychosocial dysfunction may be related to ventromedial prefrontal dysfunction in both groups.
Troubled letters but not numbers. Domain specific cognitive impairments following focal damage in frontal cortex.
TLDR
A well educated right-handed woman developed severe and stable alexia and agraphia following a circumscribed surgical lesion in the left premotor cortex, which point to the possible role of premotor cortices in the coactivation of precise sequences of motor and sensory activity patterns involved in reading and writing.
Predictors of driving safety in early Alzheimer disease
TLDR
Drivers with Alzheimer disease (AD) exhibit a range of performance on tests of cognition, vision, and motor skills, and clinicians may use these tests to help predict whether a patient with AD can safely operate a motor vehicle.
Impaired visual search in drivers with Parkinson's disease
To assess the ability for visual search and recognition of roadside targets and safety errors during a landmark and traffic sign identification task in drivers with Parkinson's disease (PD).
Pathological laughter and crying: a link to the cerebellum.
TLDR
It is suggested that the critical PLC lesions occur in the cerebro-ponto-cerebellar pathways and that, as a consequence, the cerebellar structures that automatically adjust the execution of laughter or crying to the cognitive and situational context of a potential stimulus, operate on the basis of incomplete information about that context, resulting in inadequate and even chaotic behaviour.
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