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Climate Warming and Disease Risks for Terrestrial and Marine Biota
To improve the ability to predict epidemics in wild populations, it will be necessary to separate the independent and interactive effects of multiple climate drivers on disease impact.
Social Organization and Parasite Risk in Mammals: Integrating Theory and Empirical Studies
The effects of host density and social contacts on parasite spread and the importance of promiscuity and mating structure for the spread and evolution of sexually transmitted diseases are reviewed.
Urbanization and the ecology of wildlife diseases
Infectious diseases in primates: behavior, ecology and evolution.
This book presents a meta-analyses of the immune systems of primates and their responses to infectious disease and disease, and some of the strategies used to defend against these attacks are described.
Rapid evolutionary dynamics and disease threats to biodiversity
Comparative Tests of Parasite Species Richness in Primates
- C. Nunn, S. Altizer, Kate E. Jones, W. Sechrest
- Biology, Environmental ScienceThe American Naturalist
- 1 November 2003
Host population density, a key determinant of parasite spread in many epidemiological models, was associated consistently with total parasite species richness and the diversity of helminths, protozoa, and viruses tested separately.
The genetics of monarch butterfly migration and warning coloration
The history of the monarch's evolutionary origin and global dispersal is uncovered, the strongest signatures of selection associated with migration centre on flight muscle function, resulting in greater flight efficiency among migratory monarchs, and that variation in monarch warning colouration is controlled by a single myosin gene not previously implicated in insect pigmentation.
Parasites hinder monarch butterfly flight: implications for disease spread in migratory hosts
Results showed that parasitized butterflies exhibited shorter flight distances, slower flight speeds, and lost proportionately more body mass per km flown, suggesting that poorer flight performance among parasitized hosts was not directly caused by morphological constraints.
Associations between host migration and the prevalence of a protozoan parasite in natural populations of adult monarch butterflies
Because monarchs form resident and migratory populations in different parts of the world, this host–parasite system provides the opportunity to examine how variation in parasite prevalence relates to host movement patterns.