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Endophytic fungi as biocontrol agents of Theobroma cacao pathogens
Fungal endophytes isolated from healthy Theobroma cacao tissues were screened in vitro for antagonism against major pathogens of cacao. Of tested endophytic morphospecies, 40% (21/52), 65% (28/43)Expand
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General herbivore outbreak following an El Niño-related drought in a lowland Panamanian forest
A severe outbreak of Lepidoptera followed the 1997-98 El Ni ˜ no Southern Oscillation event, during which the climate in central Panama was unusually dry. The outbreak involved the larvae of at leastExpand
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Conservation in tropical landscape mosaics: the case of the cacao landscape of southern Bahia, Brazil
A recent debate has contrasted two conservation strategies in agricultural landscapes; either “land sparing” farm development combining intensive production practices with forest set-asides, orExpand
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The direct and indirect effects of insectivory by birds in two contrasting Neotropical forests
A goal among community ecologists is to predict when and where trophic cascades occur. For example, several studies have shown that forest birds can limit arthropod abundances on trees, but indirectExpand
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Effects of Foliar Endophytic Fungi on the Preference and Performance of the Leaf Beetle Chelymorpha alternans in Panama
Foliar endophytic fungi live inside healthy plant leaves, and in some cases they confer herbivore resistance to the host. All previous studies of endophyte–herbivore interactions have occurred inExpand
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The direct and indirect effects of insectivory by birds in two contrasting Neotropical forests
A goal among community ecologists is to predict when and where trophic cascades occur. For example, several studies have shown that forest birds can limit arthropod abundances on trees, but indirectExpand
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Bird communities in forested and human-modified landscapes of Central Panama: a baseline survey for a native species reforestation treatment
While deforestation continues to be a threat to species diversity in the tropics, reforestation either by natural succession or human tree planting is also occurring. Very little is known about howExpand
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Bird predation on insects reduces damage to the foliage of cocoa trees (Theobroma cacao) in western Panama
In the Neotropics, crops that are grown in agroforestry systems with shade trees support high levels of bird diversity compared with crops grown without shade (Estrada & Coates-Estrada 2005, Faria etExpand
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