S-i Sekizawa

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We studied the properties of voltage-activated outward currents in two types of spider cuticular mechanoreceptor neurons to learn if these currents contribute to the differences in their adaptation properties. Both types of neurons adapt rapidly to sustained stimuli, but type A neurons usually only fire one or two action potentials, whereas type B neurons(More)
Low-voltage-activated Ca(2+) currents (LVA-I(Ca)) are believed to perform several roles in neurons such as lowering the threshold for action potentials, promoting burst firing and oscillatory behavior, and enhancing synaptic excitation. They also may allow rapid increases in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration. We discovered LVA-I(Ca) in both members of(More)
Voltage-activated sodium current (I(Na)) is primarily responsible for the leading edge of the action potential in many neurons. While I(Na) generally activates rapidly when a neuron is depolarized, its inactivation properties differ significantly between different neurons and even within one neuron, where I(Na) often has slowly and rapidly inactivating(More)
This study was performed to evaluate the characteristics of esophageal receptors in anesthetized and artificially ventilated dogs. The electrical activity of the esophageal afferents was recorded from the peripheral cut end of the cervical vagus nerve. A cuffed catheter was inserted into the esophagus at the level of the third tracheal ring and was used to(More)
Cough is associated with plasticity of putative cough afferent fibres, but whether plasticity in the brainstem network contributes is less well understood. A key site in the CNS network is the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS), the first synaptic contact of the primary afferent fibres. We sought to develop a conscious guinea pig model to detect enhanced(More)
The aim of this study was to demonstrate the presence of nasal 'cold' receptors, through recordings of action potentials from the ethmoidal nerve (EN), in guinea pigs and to characterize their responsiveness to l-menthol and capsaicin. Constant flows (400 ml/min) of room air (20 degrees C), warm air (45 degrees C), room air containing l-menthol, and cold(More)
The aim of this study was to characterize the laryngeal afferent activity of the rat. The animals were anesthetized and breathing spontaneously. Laryngeal afferent activity was recorded from both the whole superior laryngeal nerve (SLN) and from single fibers isolated from this nerve. An overall inspiratory augmenting activity was observed in the whole SLN(More)
This study was performed to investigate the chemoreception of trigeminal afferents in the nose. Single unit activity was recorded from the anterior ethmoidal nerve in the anesthetized guinea pig breathing through a tracheostomy during nasal instillation of capsaicin (0.3 mM), nicotine (6 mM) and ammonia (1.5 M) solutions or with distilled water. Out of 36(More)
The response to histamine of nasal afferents has been studied in guinea pigs by recording the electrical activity of the whole ethmoidal nerve (EN) or that of single units. Guinea pigs were anaesthetized with urethane and breathed through a tracheostomy. Prior to intranasal instillation of histamine (1 x 10(-4)-10(-1) M), the nasal mucosa was treated with(More)
Bronchoconstriction in asthmatic patients is frequently associated with gastroesophageal reflux. However, it is still unclear whether bronchoconstriction originates from the esophagus or from aspiration of the refluxate into the larynx and larger airway. We compared the effect of repeated esophageal and laryngeal instillations of HCl-pepsin (pH 1.0) on(More)