Learn More
BACKGROUND Although fatigue is a commonly reported symptom in cancer patients its etiology is still poorly understood. The objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between hemoglobin (Hb) levels and the subjective experience of fatigue and quality of life in cancer patients with mild or no anemia undergoing chemotherapy. PATIENTS(More)
BACKGROUND Paclitaxel (Taxol) as single agent has shown promising activity in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Because paclitaxel lends itself to combination with other anticancer drugs, we have determined the efficacy of paclitaxel combined with cisplatin in patients with advanced NSCLC in a phase II trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twenty(More)
In order to confirm our initial report on the negative impact of MDR1 gene expression on the outcome of de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML), we present an update of our prospective study with a larger number of patients and a longer duration of follow-up. At diagnosis, MDR1 RNA expression of the leukemic cells was negative in 37% and positive in 63% of the(More)
Drug resistance often results in failure of anticancer chemotherapy in leukemias. Several mechanisms of drug resistance are known with multidrug resistance (MDR) being the best characterized one. MDR can be due to enhanced expression of certain genes (MDR1, MRP or LRP), alterations in glutathione-S-transferase activity or GSH levels and to reduction of the(More)
In order to further define the role of the MDR1 gene in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), we determined the association between the presence of P-glycoprotein on leukemic cells and the efficacy of therapy in patients with AML. Immunocytochemistry with monoclonal antibody C219 was performed to demonstrate the presence of P-glycoprotein. Positive staining ranged(More)
We examined the presence of WT1-specific mRNA in bone marrow samples of 125 patients with de novo acute myeloid leukemia at diagnosis by two-step RT-PCR. The sensitivity of the assay was 1:100 (first step) and 1:10000 (second step), respectively. WT1-specific mRNA was detected in 73% of patients. No correlation was found between WT1 gene expression and age,(More)
The expression of the MDR1 gene, a multidrug resistance gene, was prospectively determined in 113 primary colorectal carcinoma specimens and correlated with clinical data including survival durations of the patients. MDR1 RNA was detected in 65% of the carcinomas. No expression of the MDR2 gene was seen, MDR1 gene expression was independent of age and sex(More)
To determine the clinical significance of the multidrug resistance protein (MRP) in patients with de novo AML, we have studied MRP expression of leukemic cells at diagnosis and its association with clinical outcome in 127 patients. MRP expression was determined by immunocytochemistry by means of monoclonal antibodies QCRL-1/QCRL-3. MRP expression was low,(More)
Drug resistance remains a major problem in the treatment of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Expression of the MDR1 gene in leukemic cells was shown previously to be associated with worse clinical outcome of the patients. The multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) has been shown recently to be another protein causing the multidrug(More)
Drug resistance is a major reason for the failure of anticancer chemotherapy. Multidrug resistance has been recognized as an important type of resistance and can be due to various mechanisms. Here we review the published data on the presence and clinical significance of these mechanisms in solid tumors and hematological malignancies. We also refer to new(More)