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Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the world, is a complex disease caused by multiple environmental and genetic risk factors. To identify genetic factors that modify the risk of exudative AMD in the Japanese population, we conducted a genome-wide association study and a replication study using a total of(More)
The rod photoreceptor-specific neural retina leucine zipper protein Nrl is essential for rod differentiation and plays a critical role in regulating gene expression. In the mouse retina, rods account for 97% of the photoreceptors; however, in the absence of Nrl (Nrl-/-), no rods are present and a concomitant increase in cones is observed. A functional(More)
Macrophages are important participants in neovascularization. This study was designed to examine the role of the monocyte/macrophage chemotactic proteins, monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), and macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha) in a mouse model of oxygen-induced ischemic retinopathy and to determine whether the morphology and(More)
The genetic alteration of p53 is associated with neovascularization during progression of glioma to its more malignant form, glioblastoma. Hence, one or more of the genes transactivated by p53 is likely to function as an angiogenesis inhibitors. We isolated a novel p53-inducible gene that encodes a 1584-amino-acid product containing five thrombospondin type(More)
PURPOSE To determine a profile of gene expression in retinas of a murine model of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR). METHODS OIR was induced in C57BL/6N mice by exposing postnatal day (P)7 pups to 75% oxygen for 5 days and then returning them to room air at P12. Gene microarrays containing more than 47,000 transcripts were used to study the changes in gene(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a complex multifactorial disease that affects the central region of the retina. AMD is clinically heterogeneous, leading to geographic atrophy (GA) and/or choroidal neovascularization (CNV) at advanced stages. Considerable data exists in support of a genetic predisposition for AMD. Recent linkage studies have(More)
Age is a major risk factor in age-related macular degeneration (AMD), but the underlying cause is unknown. We find increased Rho-associated kinase (ROCK) signaling and M2 characteristics in eyes of aged mice, revealing immune changes in aging. ROCK isoforms determine macrophage polarization into M1 and M2 subtypes. M2-like macrophages accumulated in AMD,(More)
Progressive neurological dysfunction is a key aspect of human aging. Because of underlying differences in the aging of mice and humans, useful mouse models have been difficult to obtain and study. We have used gene-expression analysis and polymorphism screening to study molecular senescence of the retina and hippocampus in two rare inbred mouse models of(More)
PURPOSE To report a novel mutation in the GUCY2D gene in a Japanese family with autosomal dominant cone-rod dystrophy (adCORD), and to examine the possible use of arrayed primer extension (APEX)-based genotyping chip in detecting mutations. METHODS Genomic DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood of family members with adCORD. It was PCR-amplified,(More)
We introduce a method for detecting strongly monotone evolutionary trends of gene expression from a temporal sequence of microarray data. In this method we perform gene filtering via multi-objective optimization to reveal genes which have the properties of: strong monotonic increase, high end-to-end slope and low slope deviation. Both a global Pareto(More)