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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The inferior petrosal sinus (IPS) is the main transvenous access route used to examine or treat lesions involving the cavernous sinus. To carry out these procedures successfully, one must have a detailed knowledge of the anatomy of the venous system around the junction of the IPS and the internal jugular vein (IJV). MATERIALS AND(More)
A venous skin graft for the treatment of skin defects in a finger is described. This procedure involves taking a flap from the forearm together with the subcutaneous vein and anastomosing both ends of this vein to the digital artery and vein, respectively. Thirteen difficult finger wounds were resurfaced with such a venous skin graft. The sizes of the flaps(More)
A composite graft of skin and attached vein was taken from the dorsal aspect of the foot and used in the replantation of 6 amputated digits in 5 patients which were complicated by loss of skin and blood vessels and with exposed bone and tendon. The 5 replanted digits survived in 4 patients. Complete survival of the skin graft was achieved in two digits and(More)
The peroneal flap has many advantages, such as thin subcutaneous tissue, availability of a large-diameter artery and vein for anastomosis, a long pedicle, and freely designed size and shape. This technique is introduced because it has many outstanding features that allow it to be used to meet a variety of specific needs, such as a free peroneal flap, a(More)
Free vascularized fibular grafts were used to treat seventeen patients who had extensive defects and pseudarthroses in long bones of the extremities. Of the seventeen, thirteen had been followed for from eighteen months to five years and could be evaluated. All thirteen grafts healed with no radiographic evidence of bone necrosis or resorption. During the(More)
571 replanted digits in 395 patients were critically evaluated from the point of view of the surgical technique, level of amputation, post-operative complications and the eventual functional end result. When the period of ischaemia exceeded 10 hours, the risk of failure was higher. Bone union was delayed in the digits in which the period of ischaemia was(More)
The patency of the anastomosed blood vessels in a free vascularized bone graft is difficult to ascertain during the early postoperative stage. For this purpose, the local blood flow was measured by means of electrochemically generated hydrogen. Although only three cases have been tested thus far, the method proves to be a simple and useful monitor of the(More)
The order of sensory recovery (the first appearance of each sensory modality in the amputated digit) and the speed of sensory recovery in the amputated digit were recorded in 74 replanted digits in which both digital nerves had been severed and repaired primarily. The order of sensory recovery was measured by Frey hairs to determine pressure (30 gm) and(More)
Two types of peroneal island-flap transfer were used in fourteen patients with a large defect in the soft tissues of the lower extremity. The peroneal artery and vein and their cutaneous branches form the pedicle, and an extensive transfer of skin is possible either from above the knee or from the lateral side of the leg to as far distal as the foot. Two(More)
In thumb reconstruction, the wrap-around free flap from the great toe with distal terminal phalanx attached gives a better replica of a thumb esthetically and functionally and has many advantages. However, there are problems in the great toe, such as delayed wound healing, pain caused by long-time walking, ulceration, and skin erosion. We closed the skin(More)