S. Yamade

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Critical duration in visual acuity testing can be viewed as an expression of temporal integration in the human visual system. We examined this phenomenon in 13 eyes with central serous retinopathy (CSR) and 6 eyes with macular edema, by measuring visual acuity at several limited exposure times. The results were then compared with those for 17 normal eyes.(More)
The L-cone/M-cone visual pigment gene arrays were analyzed in 125 Japanese males with protan color-vision deficiency. Arrays were successfully determined in 62/65 subjects with protanopia and 57/60 protanomaly subjects. Among the 62 protanopia subjects, 48 (77%) had an array consisting of a single 5' L-M hybrid gene (PS-array) or a 5' L-M hybrid gene(More)
The L-cone/M-cone visual pigment gene arrays were analyzed in a group of 63 Japanese females consisting of 7 applicants for examination of their carrier status, 14 color-deficient females, 6 obligate carriers with no genotypic data available for affected father or sons, and 36 color-normals. The first and the downstream genes, the entire region from the(More)
Contrary to previously published studies, monocular light exclusion did not alter the shape of the Stiles-Crawford function in a substantial manner in four subjects who were patched in this laboratory for one full week. In order to rule out methodological differences, an experimenter from each of the two sets of experiments (current and prior) patched one(More)
We examined critical duration for visual acuity in eyes with central serous retinopathy (CSR), macular edema (ME) and glaucoma. Critical duration for visual acuity is the minimum period of time to perceive the acuity chart of his best. Visual acuity was measured at several limited exposure durations and the results were then compared with that of normal(More)
The Stiles-Crawford effect of the first kind (SCE I), discovered in 1933, represented a major breakthrough in our understanding of retinal physiology and the modern beginning of the science of photoreceptor optics. The current status of knowledge in this area is briefly reviewed. A study is presented of a white adult female observer with aniridia, clear(More)
PURPOSE The human cone photoreceptor cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) channel comprises alpha- and beta-subunits, which are respectively encoded by hCNGA3 and hCNGB3. The purpose was to examine the functional role of hCNGB3 in modulation of human cone CNG channels and to characterize functional consequences of rod monochromacy-associated mutations in hCNGB3(More)
Thirty-nine missense mutations, which had been identified in rod monochromacy or related disorders, in the CNGA3 subunit of cone photoreceptor cGMP-gated channels were analyzed. HEK293 cells were transfected with cDNA of the human CNGA3 subunit harboring each of these mutations in an expression vector. Patch-clamp recordings demonstrated that 32 of the 39(More)
A correlative investigation of 125 eyes with senile cataractous lenses was conducted to determine the relationships between cortical (CC) and nuclear cataracts (NC), corrected visual acuity (VA), and contrast sensitivity (CS). The CS for the spatial frequency of 1.5 cycles/degree (c/d) and 12.0 c/d was analyzed in particular detail. The results were as(More)