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Abscisic acid (ABA) plays an important role in environmental stress responses of higher plants during vegetative growth. One of the ABA-mediated responses is the induced expression of a large number of genes, which is mediated by cis-regulatory elements known as abscisic acid-responsive elements (ABREs). Although a number of ABRE binding transcription(More)
BACKGROUND With the introduction of cisplatin-containing regimens in the treatment of advanced gastric cancer, promising clinical results have been reported. A 61.5% response rate was observed with a combination of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) infusion and bolus cisplatin; however, the superiority of cisplatin-containing regimens to other regimens has not been(More)
Dc3 is a carrot lea class gene that is abundantly expressed during somatic and zygotic embryogenesis. Its expression is normally embryo-specific and also can be induced by abscisic acid. The regulatory elements mediating the embryo-specific expression of Dc3 reside within the proximal promoter region (-117 to +26), which is also essential for ABA-induced(More)
We used non-linear analysis to investigate the dynamical properties underlying the EEG in patients with Alzheimer's disease. We calculated the correlation dimension D2 and the first positive Lyapunov exponent L1. We employed a new method, which was proposed by Kennel et al., to calculate the non-linear invariant measures. That method determined the proper(More)
AIMS Kir6.2 is found in the pancreatic B-cell, cardiac and skeletal muscle and non-vascular smooth muscle. KCNJ11, encoding Kir6.2, has been shown to be associated with both Type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease in several populations. In this study, we investigated whether polymorphisms in KCNJ11 are associated with Type 2 diabetes and other(More)
To assess nonlinear EEG activity in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD), the authors estimated the correlation dimension (D2) and the first positive Lyapunov exponent (L1) of the EEGs in both patients and age-matched healthy control subjects. EEGs were recorded in 15 electrodes from 12 AD patients, 12 VaD patients, and 14(More)
OBJECTIVE Our aims were to translate WOMAC and Lequesne osteoarthritis (OA) indices into Korean (KWOMAC, KLequesne) and confirm their reliability, validity, and responsiveness. DESIGN The WOMAC and Lequesne indices were translated into Korean by three translators and translated back into English by three different translators. Fifty consecutive patients(More)
The transglutaminase (TGase) family of enzymes, of which seven different members are known in the human genome, participate in many biological processes involving cross-linking proteins into large macromolecular assemblies. The TGase 2 enzyme is known to be present in neuronal tissues and may play a role in neuronal degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's(More)
OBJECTIVE The Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) is a widely used, easily administered functional scale that has high reliability and validity. Although translated versions of HAQ are available, no Korean version exists. Our aim was to translate and confirm the reliability and validity of a Korean language version of the HAQ. METHODS HAQ was translated(More)
In HIV-1-infected individuals on currently recommended antiretroviral therapy (ART), viremia is reduced to <50 copies of HIV-1 RNA per milliliter, but low-level residual viremia appears to persist over the lifetimes of most infected individuals. There is controversy over whether the residual viremia results from ongoing cycles of viral replication. To(More)